Comprehensive sexuality education is a curriculum-based teaching process that explores the cognitive, emotional, physical and social aspects of sexuality and equips children and adolescents with certain knowledge, skills, attitudes and values to ensure their health, well-being and dignity. Three to six years of age is an important stage for children’s sexual development. Kindergarten is an important place for children to receive sexuality education. Based on the perspective of comprehensive sexuality education, sexuality education practice in kindergartens in China was analyzed, and the findings revealed the following: the policy that supports sexuality education practice in kindergartens is not comprehensive, sexuality education in kindergartens lacks teaching guidelines, kindergartens are facing a shortage of sexuality education teachers, sexuality education in kindergartens lacks the necessary family support. Based on these existing difficulties and challenges, this paper puts forward suggestions for promoting the development of sexuality education in kindergartens in consideration of the following four aspects: improving policies, formulating localized sexuality education guidelines, carrying out teacher training and strengthening publicity.
【摘要】 全面性教育是基于课程, 探讨性的认知、情感、身体和社会层面意义的教学过程, 可以使儿童青少年具备一定的 知识、技能、态度和价值观, 从而确保其健康、福祉和尊严。3~6岁是儿童性发展的重要阶段, 幼儿园是儿童接受性教育的 重要场所。本文以全面性教育视角对中国幼儿园性教育实践进行分析, 发现其存在以下困境:支持幼儿园性教育实践的政 策不全面;幼儿园性教育缺少教学纲要或指南;幼儿园性教育师资不足;幼儿园性教育缺乏必要的家庭支持。基于现有困 境和挑战, 研究从完善性教育政策、制定本土化性教育纲要或指南、开展性教育师资培训、加强性教育宣传4个方面提出促 进幼儿园性教育发展的建议与展望。