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      Exercise Testing in Patients with Chest Pain and Normal Coronary Arteries: Improving Test Specificity by Use of a Simple Logistic Model

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          Abstract

          Despite an exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) positive for ischemia by established criteria, many patients referred for coronary angiography to evaluate chest pain are found to have angiographically normal coronary arteries (NCA). Exercise ECG were analyzed from 27 patients with chest pain and angiographically NCA and 28 patients with chest pain and coronary artery disease (CAD) using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. We derived the following logistic model for the logit probability of CAD: 3 + SEX × 4 – METs × 0.7 + STDV5 × 0.8, where SEX = 0 for female and SEX = 1 for male, METs = maximal estimated work load (metabolic equivalents) and STDV5 = horizontal or downsloping ST depression (mm) in V5. A logit probability ≧O identified CAD with a sensitivity of 79% and a specificity of 89%. The model correctly identified 28/36 (78%) patients with CAD, and 7/10 (70%) patients with NCA (correct diagnosis 76%; p < 0.02) in a separate random group of 46 unselected patients with positive exercise tests undergoing diagnostic coronary angiography.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1997
          1997
          19 November 2008
          : 88
          : 5
          : 453-459
          Affiliations
          Department of Cardiology, Lady Davis Carmel Medical Center, and Bruce Rappaport School of Medicine, Technion-IIT, Haifa, Israel
          Article
          177376 Cardiology 1997;88:453–459
          10.1159/000177376
          9286508
          © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Noninvasive and Diagnostic Cardiology

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