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      POLÍTICAS URBANÍSTICAS E TERRITÓRIO USADO EM ÁREAS RIBEIRINHAS Translated title: POLITIQUES URBANISTIQUES ET USAGE DU TERRITOIRE DANS LES BERGES Translated title: URBANISTIC POLICIES AND TERRITORY’S USE IN RIVERSIDE AREAS

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          Abstract

          Resumo Este artigo tem a intenção de elucidar a natureza do território usado nas políticas urbanísticas implementadas em áreas ribeirinhas da cidade do Recife. Inserindo-se na perspectiva da abordagem socioterritorial, o estudo foi viabilizado pela análise comparativa entre duas práticas diferentes de políticas urbanísticas de uso da natureza na cidade, as de Lyon (França) e Recife (Brasil), ressaltando suas semelhanças e diferenças. O principal resultado da pesquisa refere-se à comprovação de que, na primeira cidade, há tendência de usos coletivos dos espaços requalificados situados nas proximidades dos seus rios principais, enquanto que, na segunda, o uso é nitidamente seletivo; o que se deve, sobretudo, à natureza da formação histórico-territorial inerente a cada lugar considerado.

          Translated abstract

          Résumé Cet article a l'intention d'élucider la nature du territoire usé dans les politiques urbanistiques mises sur place dans les berges de la ville de Recife. Il s'agissant d'une perspective liée à l'approche socioterritoriale, l'étude a été réalisée par le moyen de l'analyse comparée entre deux pratiques diferentes de politiques urbanistiques de l'usage de la nature dans la ville, celle de Lyon (France) et celle de Recife (Brésil), en mettant l'accent sur leus similitudes et différences. Le principal résultat de la recherhce a trait à la constatation selon laquelle, dans la première ville, il y a une tendance à l'usage collectif des espaces réqualifiés situés aux proximités des leurs principaux fleuves, tandis que, dans la deuxièmes, l'usage est clairement sélectif; ce qui ce doit, surtout, à la nature de la formação historique-territoriale líée à chaque lieu considéré.

          Translated abstract

          Abstract This article aims at elucidating the nature of used territory in urbanistical policies implemented in riverside áreas in Recife's town. Taking part in a perspective of the socioterritorial apporoach, the study was carried out by a comparative analysis between two different experiences in terms of territory used, in Lyon (France) and in Recife (Brazil), putting in evidence their similarities and differences. The main result of this research was to corroborate the fact that, in the first city, there are trend towards collective uses of requalified spaces located next to the main rivers, whereas, in the second, the territory use is more selective; which is due, mainly, to the historical-territorial nature inherent to each space taken into account.

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          Os limites do capital

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            O direito à cidade

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              Shifting Approaches to Planning Theory: Global North and South

              Planning theory has shifted over time in response to changes in broader social and philosophical theory as well as changes in the material world. Postmodernism and poststructuralism dislodged modernist, rational and technical approaches to planning. Consensualist decision-making theories of the 1980s took forms of communicative and collaborative planning, drawing on Habermasian concepts of power and society. These positions, along with refinements and critiques within the field, have been hegemonic in planning theory ever since. They are, in most cases, presented at a high level of abstraction, make little reference to the political and social contexts in which they are based, and hold an unspoken assumption that they are of universal value, i.e. valid everywhere. Not only does this suggest important research methodology errors but it also renders these theories of little use in those parts of the world which are contextually very different from theory origin—in most cases, the global North. A more recent ‘southern turn’ across a range of social science disciplines, and in planning theory, suggests the possibility of a foundational shift toward theories which acknowledge their situatedness in time and place, and which recognize that extensive global difference in cities and regions renders universalized theorising and narrow conceptual models (especially in planning theory, given its relevance for practice) as invalid. New southern theorising in planning is drawing on a range of ideas on societal conflict, informality, identity and ethnicity. Postcolonialism and coloniality have provided a useful frame for situating places historically and geographically in relation to the rest of the world. However, the newness of these explorations still warrants the labelling of this shift as a ‘southern theorizing project’ in planning rather than a suggestion that southern planning theory has emerged.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                mercator
                Mercator (Fortaleza)
                Mercator (Fortaleza)
                Universidade Federal do Ceará (Fortaleza, CE, Brazil )
                1676-8329
                1984-2201
                2021
                : 20
                : e20007
                Affiliations
                [1] Recife Pernambuco orgnameUniversidade Federal de Pernambuco Brazil
                Article
                S1984-22012021000100210 S1984-2201(21)02000000210
                10.4215/rm2021.e20007
                6f6d74ac-2958-4f69-bcf7-032baf051ca2

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                History
                : 07 September 2020
                : 31 October 2020
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 33, Pages: 0
                Product

                SciELO Brazil

                Categories
                Artigos

                Natureza,Recife,Lyon,Berges,Politiques Urbanistiques,Nature,Riverine Areas,Políticas Urbanísticas,Áreas Ribeirinhas,Urbanistic Policies

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