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      Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Monkeypox Virus among Physicians in Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Study.

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          The growing incidence of human monkeypox cases emphasizes the significance of prevention, early detection, and prompt responses for healthcare providers. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and attitudes toward monkeypox infection among physicians, a frontline healthcare worker group, in Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional survey assessing knowledge and attitudes towards monkeypox infection on multiple-item scales was sent to physicians in Saudi Arabia. The associations between independent factors and either knowledge or attitude were assessed. The final analysis included 398 participants. Approximately 55% of the surveyed participants had a "good knowledge" score about human monkeypox. The adjusted logistic regression analysis showed that being a female physician, working in the private sector, and having information on human monkeypox during medical school or residency years were the only factors associated with a good level of knowledge about human monkeypox. However, physicians' knowledge and attitudes regarding monkeypox infection are inadequate and influenced by various factors. There is a significant knowledge gap between the therapeutic management of monkeypox and its vaccination. Training and knowledge assessments are important, especially when studies show significant improvement in related and specific knowledge.

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          Author and article information

          Vaccines (Basel)
          MDPI AG
          Dec 08 2022
          : 10
          : 12
          [1 ] Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Jeddah, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia.
          [2 ] Ministry of Health, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia.
          [3 ] Department of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Saudi Electronic University, Riyadh 13323, Saudi Arabia.
          [4 ] Department of Public Health, General Directorate of Health Affairs in Aseer Region, Ministry of Health, Abha 62529, Saudi Arabia.
          [5 ] General Directorate of Health Affairs in Aseer Region, Ministry of Health, Abha 62529, Saudi Arabia.
          [6 ] Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.
          [7 ] Institute of Medicine, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal.
          [8 ] D.Y Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Center, Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune 411018, Maharashtra, India.
          [9 ] Grupo de Investigación Biomedicina, Faculty of Medicine, Fundación Universitaria Autónoma de Las Américas-Institución Universitaria Vision de Las Americas, Pereira 660003, Risaralda, Colombia.
          [10 ] Master of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Universidad Científica del Sur, Lima 15024, Peru.
          [11 ] Gilbert and Rose-Marie Chagoury School of Medicine, Lebanese American University, Beirut P.O. Box 36, Lebanon.
          [12 ] Latin American Network of MOnkeypox VIrus Research (LAMOVI), Pereira 660003, Risaralda, Colombia.

          monkeypox virus,Saudi Arabia,attitude,knowledge,physicians
          monkeypox virus, Saudi Arabia, attitude, knowledge, physicians


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