In the course of our investigation of phospholipase C (PLC)-gamma 1 phosphorylation by using a set of anti-PLC-gamma 1 monoclonal antibodies (P.-G. Suh, S. H. Ryu, W. C. Choi, K.-Y. Lee, and S. G. Rhee, J. Biol. Chem. 263:14497-14504, 1988), we found that some of these antibodies directly recognize a 47-kDa protein. We show here that this 47-kDa protein is identical to the SH2/SH3-containing protein Nck (J. M. Lehmann, G. Riethmuller, and J. P. Johnson, Nucleic Acids Res. 18:1048, 1990). Nck was found to be constitutively phosphorylated on serine in resting NIH 3T3 cells. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) treatment led to increased Nck phosphorylation on both tyrosine and serine. Nck was also found to be phosphorylated on tyrosine in epidermal growth factor (EGF)-treated A431 cells and in v-Src-transformed NIH 3T3 cells. Multiple sites of serine phosphorylation were detected in Nck from resting cells, and no novel sites were found upon PDGF or EGF treatment. A single major tyrosine phosphorylation site was found in Nck in both PDGF- and EGF-treated cells and in v-Src-transformed cells. This same tyrosine was phosphorylated in vitro by purified PDGF and EGF receptors and also by pp60c-src. We compared the phosphorylation of Nck and PLC-gamma 1 in several cell lines transformed by oncogenes with different modes of transformation. Although PLC-gamma 1 and Nck have significant amino acid identity, particularly in their SH3 regions, and both associate with growth factor receptors in a ligand-dependent manner, they were not always phosphorylated on tyrosine in a coincident manner.