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      The SH2/SH3 domain-containing protein Nck is recognized by certain anti-phospholipase C-gamma 1 monoclonal antibodies, and its phosphorylation on tyrosine is stimulated by platelet-derived growth factor and epidermal growth factor treatment.

      Molecular and Cellular Biology

      metabolism, Tyrosine, immunology, Type C Phospholipases, Sulfhydryl Compounds, Serine, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid, Rats, Precipitin Tests, pharmacology, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor, Phosphorylation, Peptide Mapping, chemistry, Oncogene Proteins, Molecular Sequence Data, Mice, Humans, Epidermal Growth Factor, Cell Line, Cell Division, Cattle, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Animals, Amino Acid Sequence, Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing, 3T3 Cells

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          In the course of our investigation of phospholipase C (PLC)-gamma 1 phosphorylation by using a set of anti-PLC-gamma 1 monoclonal antibodies (P.-G. Suh, S. H. Ryu, W. C. Choi, K.-Y. Lee, and S. G. Rhee, J. Biol. Chem. 263:14497-14504, 1988), we found that some of these antibodies directly recognize a 47-kDa protein. We show here that this 47-kDa protein is identical to the SH2/SH3-containing protein Nck (J. M. Lehmann, G. Riethmuller, and J. P. Johnson, Nucleic Acids Res. 18:1048, 1990). Nck was found to be constitutively phosphorylated on serine in resting NIH 3T3 cells. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) treatment led to increased Nck phosphorylation on both tyrosine and serine. Nck was also found to be phosphorylated on tyrosine in epidermal growth factor (EGF)-treated A431 cells and in v-Src-transformed NIH 3T3 cells. Multiple sites of serine phosphorylation were detected in Nck from resting cells, and no novel sites were found upon PDGF or EGF treatment. A single major tyrosine phosphorylation site was found in Nck in both PDGF- and EGF-treated cells and in v-Src-transformed cells. This same tyrosine was phosphorylated in vitro by purified PDGF and EGF receptors and also by pp60c-src. We compared the phosphorylation of Nck and PLC-gamma 1 in several cell lines transformed by oncogenes with different modes of transformation. Although PLC-gamma 1 and Nck have significant amino acid identity, particularly in their SH3 regions, and both associate with growth factor receptors in a ligand-dependent manner, they were not always phosphorylated on tyrosine in a coincident manner.

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