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      Survival after colorectal cancer in patients with Crohn's disease: A nationwide population-based Danish follow-up study.

      The American Journal of Gastroenterology

      Wiley

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          Abstract

          Patients with Crohn's disease (CD) are at increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), but little is known about the impact of CD on CRC prognosis. Based on nationwide population-based registries, we compared survival among CRC patients with CD and CRC patients without CD.

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          Most cited references 13

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          Increased risk of intestinal cancer in Crohn's disease: a meta-analysis of population-based cohort studies.

          The risk of intestinal malignancy in Crohn's disease (CD) remains uncertain since risk estimates vary worldwide. The global CD population is growing and there is a demand for better knowledge of prognosis of this disease. Hence, the aim of the present study was to conduct a meta-analysis of population-based data on intestinal cancer risk in CD. The MEDLINE search engine and abstracts from international conferences were searched for the relevant literature by use of explicit search criteria. All papers fulfilling the strict inclusion criteria were scrutinized for data on population size, time of follow-up, and observed to expected cancer rates. STATA meta-analysis software was used to perform overall pooled risk estimates (standardized incidence ratio (SIR), observed/expected) and meta-regression analyses of the influence of specific variables on SIR. Six papers fulfilled the inclusion criteria and reported SIRs of colorectal cancer (CRC) in CD varying from 0.9 to 2.2. The pooled SIR for CRC was significantly increased (SIR, 1.9; 95% CI 1.4-2.5), as was the risk for colon cancer separately (SIR, 2.5; 95% CI 1.7-3.5). Regarding small bowel cancer, five studies reported SIRs ranging from 3.4 to 66.7, and the overall pooled estimate was 27.1 (95% CI 14.9-49.2). The present meta-analysis of intestinal cancer risk in CD, based on population-based studies only, revealed an overall increased risk of both CRC and small bowel cancer among patients with CD. However, some of the available data were several decades old, and future studies taking new treatment strategies into account are required.
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            Risk of intestinal cancer in inflammatory bowel disease: a population-based study from olmsted county, Minnesota.

            The risk for colorectal cancer in Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis patients from the United States currently is unknown. We estimated the risk for small-bowel and colorectal cancer in a population-based cohort of 692 inflammatory bowel disease patients from Olmsted County, Minnesota, from 1940 to 2001. The Rochester Epidemiology Project was used to identify cohort patients with colorectal and small-bowel cancer. The cumulative probability of cancer and standardized incidence ratios (SIR) were estimated using expected rates from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results, white patients from Iowa, from 1973 to 2000, and Olmsted County, from 1980 to 1999. Colorectal cancer was observed in 6 ulcerative colitis patients vs 5.38 expected (SIR, 1.1; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.4-2.4), but 4 of these occurred among those with extensive colitis or pancolitis (SIR, 2.4; 95% CI, 0.6-6.0). Six Crohn's disease patients (vs 3.2 expected) developed colorectal cancer (SIR, 1.9; 95% CI, 0.7-4.1). Three Crohn's disease patients developed small-bowel cancer vs 0.07 expected (SIR, 40.6; 95% CI, 8.4-118). The risk for colorectal cancer was not increased among ulcerative colitis patients overall, but appeared to be increased among those with extensive colitis. The colorectal cancer risk was increased slightly among Crohn's disease patients, who also had a 40-fold excess risk for small-bowel cancer.
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              Cancer risk in patients with inflammatory bowel disease

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                10.1111/j.1572-0241.2006.00857.x
                17037994

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