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      Nutrition status of primary and middle school students in poor rural areas of Ningxia during 2013 to 2017

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          Abstract

          Objective To investigate the nutritional status of the rural compulsory education students from “Rural Compulsory Education Students Nutrition Improvement Program” (hereinafter referred to “plan”) in Ningxia, to provide a scientific basis for future targeted nutrition education and interventions.

          Methods The survey was conducted in 27 732 students aged 6 to 15 years selected by stratified samplings in 7 counties of Ningxia.

          Results In the 5 years of the “plan” implementation, trend in decreasing malnutrition rates across the 5 years (18.16%, 18.77%, 17.08%, 14.38%, 14.93%), with statistically significant difference ( Chi-square for trend was 47.02, P<0.01). Overnutrition rate significantly increased (5.21%, 4.89%, 5.51%, 5.68%, 6.83%, Chi-square for trend was 6.66, P<0.01).

          Conclusion Improved nutritional status of rural primary and middle school students in Ningxia has been observed, Co-occurring of malnutrition in boys and overnutrition requires further attention.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 了解宁夏 2013—2017 年实施“农村义务教育学生营养改善计划” (以下简称“计划”)的集中连片贫困地 区中小学生营养状况, 为有针对性地开展营养教育和持续推进“计划”提供参考依据。 方法 采用随机抽样的原则, 在 2013—2017 年实施“计划”的宁夏 7 个县 (区)中, 抽取 6~15 岁学生共 27 732 人次, 进行营养状况评估。 结果 “计划”实 施 5 年间, 各年龄段学生的营养不良率分别为 18.16%, 18.77%, 17.08%, 14.38%, 14.93%, 呈现下降趋势, 差异有统计学意 义 (χ 趋势 2=47.02, P<0.01)。12~15 岁年龄段 5 年间营养过剩检出情况分别为 5.21%, 4.89%, 5.51%, 5.68%, 6.83%, 呈现上 升趋势, 差异有统计学意义χ 趋势 2=6.66, P<0.01)。 结论 “计划”实施期间宁夏农村中小学生营养不良的发生情况处于持 续改进中, 男生营养不良和营养过剩情况相对严重, 需要给予特殊关注。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 May 2021
          01 June 2021
          : 42
          : 5
          : 663-666
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Department of Occupational Disease Prevention and Control, Ningxia Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Yinchuan (750001), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: TAN Weixing, E-mail: 646840934@ 123456qq.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.05.006
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.05.006
          76667228-8ddc-4230-a2cd-3c8f7b19615c
          © 2021 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Rural population,Poverty areas,Students,Body weight,Body height,Nutrifional status

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