+1 Recommend
1 collections
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Changes in Circulating Levels of Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide and Nitric Oxide Metabolites in Septic Patients during Direct Hemoperfusion with Polymyxin B-Immobilized Fiber

      Read this article at

          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.


          Background/Aims: This study evaluated the mechanism of hemodynamic improvement in polymyxin B-immobilized fiber (PMX) treatment. Methods: Fifteen septic patients with endotoxemia and/or gram negative infection were treated with PMX. Plasma concentrations of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and nitric oxide metabolites were measured. Results: CGRP and nitric oxide metabolites before treatment were significantly higher than in healthy controls. CGRP had a significantly inverse correlation with diastolic blood pressure and a positive correlation with the Septic Severity Score and the number of failed organs. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure and systemic vascular resistance index increased significantly both immediately after and 24 h after PMX treatment. CGRP decreased significantly 24 h after the treatment. In contrast, there were no significant changes in nitric oxide metabolites. Conclusion: PMX treatment improved hemodynamic parameters in septic patients, and CGRP increased with increasing severity of sepsis. We conclude that a decrease in CGRP levels may be related to hemodynamic improvement resulting from PMX treatments.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 12

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Vanilloid receptors on sensory nerves mediate the vasodilator action of anandamide.

          The endogenous cannabinoid receptor agonist anandamide is a powerful vasodilator of isolated vascular preparations, but its mechanism of action is unclear. Here we show that the vasodilator response to anandamide in isolated arteries is capsaicin-sensitive and accompanied by release of calcitonin-gene-related peptide (CGRP). The selective CGRP-receptor antagonist 8-37 CGRP, but not the cannabinoid CB1 receptor blocker SR141716A, inhibited the vasodilator effect of anandamide. Other endogenous (2-arachidonylglycerol, palmitylethanolamide) and synthetic (HU 210, WIN 55,212-2, CP 55,940) CB1 and CB2 receptor agonists could not mimic the action of anandamide. The selective 'vanilloid receptor' antagonist capsazepine inhibited anandamide-induced vasodilation and release of CGRP. In patch-clamp experiments on cells expressing the cloned vanilloid receptor (VR1), anandamide induced a capsazepine-sensitive current in whole cells and isolated membrane patches. Our results indicate that anandamide induces vasodilation by activating vanilloid receptors on perivascular sensory nerves and causing release of CGRP. The vanilloid receptor may thus be another molecular target for endogenous anandamide, besides cannabinoid receptors, in the nervous and cardiovascular systems.
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            Pathogenetic mechanisms of septic shock.

             J Parrillo (1993)
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              Treatment of sepsis by extracorporeal elimination of endotoxin using polymyxin B-immobilized fiber.

               T Tani,  H. Aoki,  M Kodama (1994)
              Despite the use of potent antibiotics and intensive supportive care, mortality remains high among septic shock patients, especially those with endotoxemia. To remove endotoxin directly from the blood, a material consisting of polymyxin B that is immobilized on fibers (PMX-F) and that can selectively detoxify endotoxin was developed. In a preliminary clinical study, 16 patients with septic multiple organ failure were treated with direct hemoperfusion using a PMX-F column. This therapy significantly decreased the endotoxin level from 76 pg/mL to 21 pg/mL after 2 hours of direct hemoperfusion. The hyperdynamic state of the cardiac index, which is a characteristic of endotoxic shock, returned to normal levels after treatment. In septic shock patients with a systolic pressure of less than 100 mm Hg, the systolic arterial pressure increased significantly from the pretreatment level. The alleviation of fever caused by this therapy continued until the day after treatment. Of the 16 patients who underwent this therapy, 9 were alive 2 weeks after this therapy and 7 patients were discharged from the hospital alive. Hemoperfusion with PMX may be an effective treatment for sepsis and septic shock.

                Author and article information

                Blood Purif
                Blood Purification
                S. Karger AG
                05 June 2003
                : 21
                : 3
                : 237-243
                aPMX Hemodynamics Study Group, and bDepartment of Surgery, Shiga University of Medical Science, Shiga; cDivision of Critical Care and Emergency Medicine, Hachioji Medical Center, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo; dEmergency and Critical Care Center, Kohseikan, Saga Prefectural Hospital, Saga; eDepartment of Hemodialysis Therapy, Social Insurance Chukyo Hospital, Nagoya; fDepartment of Traumatology and Critical Care Medicine, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo; gKidney Center, Tenjin-kai Koga Hospital, Saga; hDivision of Intensive Care Medicine Anesthesiology & and Resuscitology, Okayama University Medical School Hospital, Okayama, Japan
                70696 Blood Purif 2003;21:237–243
                © 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 4, References: 44, Pages: 7
                Self URI (application/pdf):
                Original Paper


                Comment on this article