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      Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP, aka EPA): Structure, control of expression and biological functions

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      Pharmacology & Therapeutics

      Elsevier BV

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          Abstract

          The TIMPs play an important role in regulating the activity of the secreted metalloproteinases (collagenases, stromelysins, gelatinases). Two different TIMPS have been well characterized, each capable of inhibiting all tested eukaryotic metalloproteinases but showing specific binding to a particular gelatinase at a site distinct from the active site. They influence the activation of the prometalloproteinase and act to modulate proteolysis of extracellular matrix, notably during tissue remodeling and inflammatory processes. On certain cell types, they can exhibit growth factor-like activity, and they can inhibit the tumorigenic and metastatic phenotype of cancer cells.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Pharmacology & Therapeutics
          Pharmacology & Therapeutics
          Elsevier BV
          01637258
          January 1993
          January 1993
          : 59
          : 3
          : 329-341
          Article
          10.1016/0163-7258(93)90074-N
          8309995
          © 1993

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