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      Consumo de alcohol en ratas adolescentes tratadas con reserpina y fluoxetina Translated title: Alcohol consumption in adolescent rats treated with reserpine and fluoxetine

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          RESUMEN Si bien se ha estudiado el vínculo entre los trastornos de estado de ánimo y el consumo de alcohol, tanto en humanos como en animales, todavía no es del todo claro cómo se da esta relación, y menos aún durante la adolescencia. La administración de reserpina, un depletor de monoaminas, es un modelo ampliamente utilizado en roedores adultos para inducir comportamientos asociados a depresión, pero se desconoce su utilidad en otras etapas del desarrollo. En este trabajo validamos este modelo en ratas adolescentes y posteriormente estudiamos el consumo de alcohol en estos animales, así como su modulación por antidepresivos. En el experimento 1 se administró reserpina (0.0 o 1.0 mg/kg, durante 4 días, IP) a ratas Wistar machos de 30 días. El consumo de alcohol fue evaluado luego de observar comportamientos asociados a depresión e indagar indicadores neuroendocrinos de esta patología. En el experimento 2 los animales recibieron reserpina, seguida por el antidepresivo fluoxetina (0.0 o 10.0 mg/kg, durante 4 días, IG), y luego se evaluó el consumo de alcohol. Los resultados mostraron que la reserpina aumentó significativamente los comportamientos asociados a depresión y alteró los niveles de dopamina en la corteza insular y de hormonas tiroideas en sangre. En la prueba de consumo de alcohol los animales deprimidos, pero no los controles, mostraron un incremento en el consumo a través de los días. El segundo experimento replicó parcialmente este perfil, y no se observó un efecto significativo del antidepresivo en el consumo de alcohol. Los resultados indican que la reserpina es útil para modelar en ratas adolescentes comportamientos asociados a depresión. Se encontró una relación entre este estado y el consumo de alcohol, que no se pudo revertir con antidepresivos.

          Translated abstract

          ABSTRACT The relationship between mood disorders and alcohol consumption has been studied in humans and animals, although it is still not fully clear how this relationship unfolds, much less during adolescence. The administration of reserpine -a monoamine depletor- is an approach traditionally used in adult rodents to induce depression-associated behaviours, but its usefulness in other developmental stages is still unknown. In this study, this model was evaluated in adolescent rats in order to study alcohol consumption, as well as its modulation by antidepressants in these animals. In Experiment 1, 30 day-old male Wistar rats were treated with reserpine (0.0 or 1.0 mg/kg, for4 days, IP). Alcohol consumption was tested after observing depression-associated behaviours and assessing neuroendocrine indicators of this pathology. In Experiment 2, the rats were administered reserpine followed by an antidepressant (fluoxetine, 0.0 or 10.0 mg/kg, for 4 days, IG). Alcohol consumption was then tested. The results showed that reserpine significantly increased depression-associated behaviours and altered insular dopamine and thyroid hormone levels. Alcohol consumption tests showed that reserpine-treated animals -but not control animals- increased their consumption throughout the days. The second experiment partially replicated this profile, and no significant effect of antidepressants was observed in alcohol consumption. The results show that reserpine is instrumental in modelling depression-associated behaviours in adolescent rats. A relationship was found between this condition and alcohol intake, which could not be reversed by antidepressants.

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          Most cited references 73

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                Author and article information

                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Suma Psicológica
                Suma Psicol.
                Fundación Universitaria Konrad Lorenz (Bogotá, , Colombia )
                June 2017
                : 24
                : 1
                : 67-77
                Córdoba orgnameInstituto de Investigación Médica M. y M. Ferreyra Argentina
                Montevideo Montevideo orgnameUniversidad de la República orgdiv1Facultad de Veterinaria Uruguay

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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