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      MDR1 Gene Expression in Lymphocytes of Patients with Renal Transplants

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          Abstract

          The MDRl gene, a multidrug resistance gene, codes for P-glycoprotein which pumps hydrophobic drugs out of the cells. Since cyclosporins also bind to P-glycoprotein and might be pumped by this transmembrane protein, we determined the expression of the MDR1 gene in the lymphocytes of 32 patients with renal transplants. MDR1 RNA expression of lymphocytes was measured by slot blot analysis and compared to the expression of drug-sensitive KB-3-1 cells and multidrug-resistant KB-8-5 cells. MDRl RNA expression was detected in the lymphocytes of 9 (28%) patients, whereas no expression was seen in the remaining 23 patients. No association between MDR1 RNA expression and transplant function or hematological parameters was observed. However, none of the 6 patients who had transplants for more than 40 months expressed the MDR1 gene in their lymphocytes. In conclusion, expression of the MDRl gene does occur in lymphocytes of patients with renal transplants and might reduce the immunosuppressive efficacy of cyclosporins through enhanced efflux of cyclosporins.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1995
          1995
          17 December 2008
          : 69
          : 3
          : 277-280
          Affiliations
          Clinic for Internal Medicine I and III, University of Vienna Medical School, Vienna, Austria
          Article
          188470 Nephron 1995;69:277–280
          10.1159/000188470
          7538632
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 4
          Categories
          Original Paper

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