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      Slowing Amazon deforestation through public policy and interventions in beef and soy supply chains.

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          Abstract

          The recent 70% decline in deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon suggests that it is possible to manage the advance of a vast agricultural frontier. Enforcement of laws, interventions in soy and beef supply chains, restrictions on access to credit, and expansion of protected areas appear to have contributed to this decline, as did a decline in the demand for new deforestation. The supply chain interventions that fed into this deceleration are precariously dependent on corporate risk management, and public policies have relied excessively on punitive measures. Systems for delivering positive incentives for farmers to forgo deforestation have been designed but not fully implemented. Territorial approaches to deforestation have been effective and could consolidate progress in slowing deforestation while providing a framework for addressing other important dimensions of sustainable development.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Science
          Science (New York, N.Y.)
          American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
          1095-9203
          0036-8075
          Jun 06 2014
          : 344
          : 6188
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Earth Innovation Institute, 3180 18th Street, Suite 205, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA. dnepstad@earthinnovation.org.
          [2 ] Earth Innovation Institute, 3180 18th Street, Suite 205, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA. Universidade Federal do Oeste do Pará, Bairro Fátima CEP 68040-470 Santarém, Pará, Brasil.
          [3 ] Earth Innovation Institute, 3180 18th Street, Suite 205, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA.
          [4 ] Instituto de Pesquisa Ambiental da Amazônia, SHIN CA 5, Bloco J2, Sala 309, Bairro, Lago Norte, Brasília-DF 71503-505.
          [5 ] Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.
          [6 ] Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA.
          [7 ] Instituto de Pesquisa Ambiental da Amazônia, SHIN CA 5, Bloco J2, Sala 309, Bairro, Lago Norte, Brasília-DF 71503-505. Carnegie Institution for Science, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.
          [8 ] University of Maryland Department of Geographical Sciences, College Park, MD 20742, USA.
          [9 ] Earth Research Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-3060, USA.
          Article
          344/6188/1118
          10.1126/science.1248525
          24904156
          81e15ade-cb6c-49c4-ab69-1e3f0775c227
          Copyright © 2014, American Association for the Advancement of Science.
          History

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