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      CONSIDERAÇÕES TEÓRICAS DO DIÁLOGO DELIBERATIVO: CONTRIBUIÇÕES PARA PRÁTICA, POLÍTICA E PESQUISA EM ENFERMAGEM Translated title: CONSIDERACIONES TEÓRICAS DEL DIÁLOGO DELIBERATIVO: CONTRIBUCIONES PARA LA PRÁCTICA, LA POLÍTICA Y LA INVESTIGACIÓN EN ENFERMERÍA Translated title: THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS OF DELIBERATIVE DIALOGUE: CONTRIBUTIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE, POLICY AND RESEARCH

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          Abstract

          RESUMO Objetivo: este estudo visa discutir e refletir sobre concepções teóricas e metodológicas no uso do diálogo deliberativo e sua contribuição para prática, política e pesquisa em enfermagem. Método: foi realizado estudo teórico e reflexivo sobre a abordagem metodológica do processo de deliberação e suas concepções teóricas. O artigo também fornece uma descrição geral das principais características e passos fundamentais que podem ser utilizados para guiar o desenvolvimento uma sessão de deliberação. Resultados: diálogo deliberativo envolve conversações propositadas e facilitadas entre pessoas interessadas para alcançar consenso sobre prioridades em serviços de saúde e decidir coletivamente sobre estratégias para ação utilizando síntese de evidências de pesquisas e experiência contextual. É uma estratégia de translação de conhecimento que envolve indivíduos, comunidades e instituições no uso de conhecimento científico para realizar mudanças fundamentadas. As principais características desse método são seleção cuidadosa dos participantes, elaboração de documento de leitura com síntese de evidências, facilitação neutra e habilidosa, uso de abordagens inovadoras para atividades grupais e análise de dados com métodos integrados. Conclusão: princípios de diálogo deliberativo têm sido utilizados para a tomada de decisão política, com pouco uso nos cuidados de enfermagem. Seu uso pode ser uma experiência única para o campo de enfermagem, contribuindo para mudanças nas práticas e políticas. Também pode ser utilizado como estratégia para coleta dados em pesquisa qualitativa, como uma nova forma de construir conhecimento científico. Diálogo deliberativo é uma abordagem inovadora que pode proporcionar enfermeiros mais críticos-reflexivos, mais práticas baseadas em evidências e melhores resultados de saúde.

          Translated abstract

          RESUMEN Objetivo: el presente trabajo discutirá y reflexionará sobre el uso de las concepciones teóricas y metodológicas del diálogo deliberativo y su contribución para la práctica, la política y la investigación en enfermería. Método: se realizó un estudio teórico y reflexivo sobre el enfoque metodológico del proceso de deliberación y sobre sus concepciones teóricas. Este documento también ofrece una visión general de las principales características y pasos fundamentales que pueden utilizarse para guiar el desarrollo de una sesión de diálogo. Resultados: el diálogo deliberativo implica debates deliberados y facilitados entre las partes interesadas para lograr un consenso sobre las prioridades de los servicios de salud y decidir colectivamente sobre las estrategias de acción utilizando la evidencia de la investigación sintetizada y la experiencia contextual. Es una estrategia de traducción de conocimiento que involucra a individuos, comunidades e instituciones que toman el conocimiento científico en cambios razonados. Las características clave de este método incluyen la selección cuidadosa de los participantes, el desarrollo de un documento de antecedentes con síntesis de pruebas, la facilitación calificada y neutral, el uso de enfoques innovadores para las actividades de grupo y el análisis de datos con métodos integrados. Conclusión: los principios deliberativos se han utilizado más para la toma de decisiones de políticas de salud, con poco uso en la atención de enfermería. Su uso puede ser una experiencia única para el campo de la enfermería, contribuyendo al cambio en la práctica y política de enfermería. También pueden ser utilizados como una herramienta para la recopilación de datos en la investigación cualitativa, como una nueva forma de construir conocimiento científico. El diálogo deliberativo es un enfoque innovador que puede facilitar tener enfermeras más críticas-reflexivas, más prácticas basadas en evidencia y mejores resultados de salud.

          Translated abstract

          ABSTRACT Objective: this paper will discuss and reflect on the use of deliberative dialogue's theoretical and methodological conceptions and its contribution for nursing practice, policy, and research. Method: a theoretical and reflective study was conducted on the methodological approach of deliberation process and on its theoretical conceptions. This paper also provides an overview of key characteristics and fundamental steps that can be used to guide the development of a dialogue session. Results: deliberative dialogue involves purposeful, facilitated discussions among stakeholders to achieve consensus about health services priorities and to collectively decide on action strategies using synthesized research evidence and contextual experience. It is a knowledge translation strategy that involves individuals, communities, and institutions taking up scientific knowledge into reasoned changes. Key characteristics of this method include careful selection of participants, development of a background document with evidence synthesis, skilled and neutral facilitation, use of innovative approaches for group activities, and data analysis with integrated methods. Conclusion: deliberative principles have been used more for health policy decision-making, with little use in nursing care. Their use may be a unique experience for the nursing field, contributing to change in nursing practice and policy. They can also be used as a tool for data collection in qualitative research, as a new way to build scientific knowledge. Deliberative dialogue is an innovative approach that can facilitate having more critical-reflexive nurses, more evidence-based practices, and better health outcomes.

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          Lost in knowledge translation: time for a map?

          There is confusion and misunderstanding about the concepts of knowledge translation, knowledge transfer, knowledge exchange, research utilization, implementation, diffusion, and dissemination. We review the terms and definitions used to describe the concept of moving knowledge into action. We also offer a conceptual framework for thinking about the process and integrate the roles of knowledge creation and knowledge application. The implications of knowledge translation for continuing education in the health professions include the need to base continuing education on the best available knowledge, the use of educational and other transfer strategies that are known to be effective, and the value of learning about planned-action theories to be better able to understand and influence change in practice settings.
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            Knowledge translation of research findings

            Background One of the most consistent findings from clinical and health services research is the failure to translate research into practice and policy. As a result of these evidence-practice and policy gaps, patients fail to benefit optimally from advances in healthcare and are exposed to unnecessary risks of iatrogenic harms, and healthcare systems are exposed to unnecessary expenditure resulting in significant opportunity costs. Over the last decade, there has been increasing international policy and research attention on how to reduce the evidence-practice and policy gap. In this paper, we summarise the current concepts and evidence to guide knowledge translation activities, defined as T2 research (the translation of new clinical knowledge into improved health). We structure the article around five key questions: what should be transferred; to whom should research knowledge be transferred; by whom should research knowledge be transferred; how should research knowledge be transferred; and, with what effect should research knowledge be transferred? Discussion We suggest that the basic unit of knowledge translation should usually be up-to-date systematic reviews or other syntheses of research findings. Knowledge translators need to identify the key messages for different target audiences and to fashion these in language and knowledge translation products that are easily assimilated by different audiences. The relative importance of knowledge translation to different target audiences will vary by the type of research and appropriate endpoints of knowledge translation may vary across different stakeholder groups. There are a large number of planned knowledge translation models, derived from different disciplinary, contextual (i.e., setting), and target audience viewpoints. Most of these suggest that planned knowledge translation for healthcare professionals and consumers is more likely to be successful if the choice of knowledge translation strategy is informed by an assessment of the likely barriers and facilitators. Although our evidence on the likely effectiveness of different strategies to overcome specific barriers remains incomplete, there is a range of informative systematic reviews of interventions aimed at healthcare professionals and consumers (i.e., patients, family members, and informal carers) and of factors important to research use by policy makers. Summary There is a substantial (if incomplete) evidence base to guide choice of knowledge translation activities targeting healthcare professionals and consumers. The evidence base on the effects of different knowledge translation approaches targeting healthcare policy makers and senior managers is much weaker but there are a profusion of innovative approaches that warrant further evaluation.
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              Deliberations about deliberative methods: issues in the design and evaluation of public participation processes.

              A common thread weaving through the current public participation debate is the need for new approaches that emphasize two-way interaction between decision makers and the public as well as deliberation among participants. Increasingly complex decision making processes require a more informed citizenry that has weighed the evidence on the issue, discussed and debated potential decision options and arrived at a mutually agreed upon decision or at least one by which all parties can abide. We explore the recent fascination with deliberative methods for public involvement first by examining their origins within democratic theory, and then by focusing on the experiences with deliberative methods within the health sector. In doing so, we answer the following questions "What are deliberative methods and why have they become so popular? What are their potential contributions to the health sector?" We use this critical review of the literature as the basis for developing general principles that can be used to guide the design and evaluation of public involvement processes for the health-care sector in particular.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                tce
                Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem
                Texto contexto - enferm.
                Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Programa de Pós Graduação em Enfermagem (, SC, Brazil )
                0104-0707
                1980-265X
                2017
                : 26
                : 4
                : e0520017
                Affiliations
                [4] Porto Alegre Rio Grande do Sul orgnameUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul orgdiv1Escola de Enfermagem Brazil malice@ 123456enf.ufrgs.br
                [2] Porto Alegre orgnameCentro Universitário Ritter dos Reis orgdiv1Escola de Saúde Brazil aline.acosta@ 123456gmail.com
                [3] Kelowna British Columbia orgnameUBCO orgdiv1Faculdade de Saúde e Desenvolvimento Social orgdiv2Escola de Enfermagem Canada nelly.oelke@ 123456ubc.ca
                Article
                S0104-07072017000400608 S0104-0707(17)02600400608
                10.1590/0104-07072017000520017
                82f976f0-b830-4ad1-bb7e-4367f7fd222e

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                History
                : 24 February 2017
                : 03 August 2017
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 30, Pages: 0
                Product

                SciELO Revista de Enfermagem

                Categories
                Reflexão

                Policy making,Evidence-based practice,Evidence-based nursing,Decision making,Community-based participatory research,Formulação de políticas,Prática clínica baseada em evidências,Enfermagem baseada em evidências,Tomada de decisões,Pesquisa participativa baseada na comunidade,Elaboración de políticas,La evidencia se basa en la práctica,Enfermería basada en la evidencia,Toma de decisiones,Investigación participativa basada en la comunidad

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