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      Diabetic Nephropathy: An Inherited Disease or Just a Diabetic Complication?

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          Abstract

          Type 2 diabetic nephropathy is the most common cause of end-stage renal disease in western Europe and the United States. Although patients with overt nephropathy generally experience greater cumulative glycemic exposure, the difference in glycemic control between patients developing nephropathy and to those who did not could not be demonstrated. This observation is consistent with the finding that factors other than glycemic control are involved in the development of nephropathy. Genetic factors which specifically increase the susceptibility to nephropathy in patients with diabetes have been proposed. A range of linkage, association, and gene expression studies have been performed for revealing the genetic background of diabetic nephropathy but were not yet successful in identifying mutations which could explain the development of diabetic nephropathy in the majority of diabetic patients. Because of relatively small case numbers of all studies being performed so far, conclusions from those studies are limited. With the development of better technologies for an affordable genomewide association study using thousands of markers, it might become possible to unravel the genetic susceptibility factors for diabetic nephropathy. Comparing the expression levels of thousands of genes in patients and controls may identify key players in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy and targets for pharmacologic intervention in the future.

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          Most cited references 20

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          Glucose tolerance and mortality: comparison of WHO and American Diabetic Association diagnostic criteria

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            The case for intrarenal hypertension in the initiation and progression of diabetic and other glomerulopathies.

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              Mutations in the hepatocyte nuclear factor-1beta gene are associated with familial hypoplastic glomerulocystic kidney disease.

              Familial glomerulocystic kidney disease (GCKD) is a dominantly inherited condition characterized by glomerular cysts and variable renal size and function; the molecular genetic etiology is unknown. Mutations in the gene encoding hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)-1beta have been associated with early-onset diabetes and nondiabetic renal disease-particularly renal cystic disease. We investigated a possible role for the HNF-1beta gene in four unrelated GCKD families and identified mutations in two families: a nonsense mutation in exon 1 (E101X) and a frameshift mutation in exon 2 (P159fsdelT). The family members with HNF-1beta gene mutations had hypoplastic GCKD and early-onset diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance. We conclude that there is genetic heterogeneity in familial GCKD and that the hypoplastic subtype is a part of the clinical spectrum of the renal cysts and diabetes syndrome that is associated with HNF-1beta mutations.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                KBR
                Kidney Blood Press Res
                10.1159/issn.1420-4096
                Kidney and Blood Pressure Research
                S. Karger AG
                1420-4096
                1423-0143
                2003
                2003
                29 July 2003
                : 26
                : 3
                : 143-154
                Affiliations
                Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University Hospital, Würzburg, Germany
                Article
                71880 Kidney Blood Press Res 2003;26:143–154
                10.1159/000071880
                12886042
                © 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 3, References: 87, Pages: 12
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/71880
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