Background: Pruritus and insomnia are common disorders in hemodialysis (HD) patients, with a major clinical impact as they are associated with poor quality of life and increased mortality. Their coexistence and impact on survival in HD patients have rarely been investigated. Our aim is to investigate the survival of HD patients presenting either none, one, or both disorders and to compare certain features between these groups. Methods: After the inclusion/exclusion criteria, 170 patients treated by HD or online hemodiafiltration were assigned in 4 study groups depending on the presence of either, neither, or both pruritus and insomnia. We analyzed the survival difference between groups after 20 months, and we searched if there were significant differences in terms of clinical and laboratory features. Results: Survival at 20 months was lower in patients with both pruritus and insomnia. Patients with pruritus alone had a lower Kt/V than those with no complaints or insomnia alone. Those with no complaints had lower C-reactive protein and higher albumin levels than patients with insomnia alone or both conditions. Conclusion: Pruritus and insomnia should be actively investigated and correlated with some clinical and laboratory features as they have a significant impact on survival in HD patients.