Blog
About

10
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      History of Belle and some of its lesser known highlights

      Preprint

      Read this article at

      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          I report on the early history of Belle, which was almost entirely focused on testing the Kobayashi Maskawa mechanism for \(CP\) violation that predicted large matter-antimatter asymmetries in certain \(B\) meson decay modes. Results reported by both BaBar and Belle in the summer of 2001 verified the Kobayashi Maskawa idea and led to their Nobel prizes in 2008. In addition to studies of CP violation, Belle (and BaBar) reported a large number of important results on a wide variety of other subjects, many of which that had nothing to do with B mesons. In this talk I cover three (of many) subjects where Belle measurements have had a significant impact on specific sub-fields of hadron physics but are not generally well know. These include: the discovery of an anomalously large cross sections for double charmonium production in continuum e+e- annihilation; sensitive probes of the structure of the low-mass scalar mesons; and first measurements of the Collins spin fragmentation function.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 1

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: found
          Is Open Access

          Comprehensive Amplitude Analysis of \(\gamma\gamma \rightarrow \pi^+\pi^-, \pi^0\pi^0\) and \(\overline{K} K\) below 1.5 GeV

          In this paper we perform an amplitude analysis of essentially all published pion and kaon pair production data from two photon collisions below 1.5 GeV. This includes all the high statistics results from Belle, as well as older data from Mark II at SLAC, CELLO at DESY, Crystal Ball at SLAC. The purpose of this analysis is to provide as close to a model-independent determination of the \(\gamma\gamma\) to meson pair amplitudes as possible. Having data with limited angular coverage, typically \(|\cos \theta| < 0.6-0.8\), and no polarization information for reactions in which spin is an essential complication, the determination of the underlying amplitudes might appear an intractable problem. However, imposing the basic constraints required by analyticity, unitarity, and crossing-symmetry makes up for the experimentally missing information. Final state interactions among the meson pairs are critical to this analysis. To fix these, we include the latest \(\pi\pi\to\pi\pi\), \({\overline K}K\) scattering amplitudes given by dispersive analyses, supplemented in the \({\overline K}K\) threshold region by the recent precision Dalitz plot analysis from BaBar. With these hadronic amplitudes built into unitarity, we can constrain the overall description of \(\gamma\gamma\to\pi\pi\) and \(\overline{K}K\) datasets, both integrated and differential cross-sections, including the high statistics charged and neutral pion, as well as \(K_sK_s\) data from Belle. Since this analysis invokes coupled hadronic channels, having data on both \(\gamma\gamma\to\pi\pi\) and \(\overline{K}K\) reduces the solution space to essentially a single form. We present the partial wave amplitudes, show how well they fit all the available data, and give the two photon couplings of scalar and tensor resonances that appear. These partial waves are important inputs into forthcoming dispersive calculations of hadronic light-by-light scattering.
            Bookmark

            Author and article information

            Journal
            1601.01061

            High energy & Particle physics

            Comments

            Comment on this article