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      Physiological Modulation of α-Adrenoceptor and 5HT Receptor Expression in Blood Vessels

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          Abstract

          In vitro experiments on vascular smooth muscle often fail to reveal phenomena clearly demonstrable in vivo. Several recent observations in our laboratory have revealed the facility to uncover responses mediated by receptors whose functional expression had remained hidden with the standard experimental conditions first employed: conversely manipulation of conditions can selectively hide a particular receptor’s response. Examples include the uncovering of responses to: 5HT<sub>1</sub> receptors by raised O<sub>2</sub> tension (via cyclooxygenase products) in human umbilical vessels; α<sub>2</sub>-adrenoceptors in rabbit saphenous artery by angiotensin II and α<sub>2</sub>-adrenoceptors in perfused rat tail by elevating tone with vasopressin. The powerful synergism of agonists which cannot on their own cause contraction, can lead to inaccurate interpretations of agonist-antagonist interactions. Finally, the influence of tissue metabolism on receptor expression clearly illustrates the complex processes which must be involved in vivo.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-5330-8
          978-3-318-01614-7
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1990
          1990
          23 September 2008
          : 27
          : 2-5
          : 146-152
          Affiliations
          Autonomic Physiology Unit, Department of Physiology, University of Glasgow, UK
          Article
          158805 Blood Vessels 1990;27:146–152
          10.1159/000158805
          © 1990 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Mechanisms of Vasodilatation

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