08 September 2004
Background/Aim: Angiotensin II plays a central role in the progression of chronic renal failure (CRF), and administration of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) in rats delays the progression of CRF. However, ACEI has little effect on CRF progression in rats with established CRF. We therefore examined whether combination therapy with ACEI and oral adsorbent for uremic toxins in the gastrointestinal tract has the desired effect. Methods: Rats subjected to subtotal nephrectomy were given enalapril at 20 mg/kg (n = 10, group E), AST-120 at 5 g (n = 10, group A), enalapril and AST-120 together at the same doses (n = 10, group EA), or no treatment (n = 10, group C) 8 weeks after the operation. The substances were administered in 100 g rat chow. All animals were pair-fed, and all were killed after 8 weeks of pair-feeding. Results: Body weight did not differ between groups during the study. Blood pressure at week 8 was significantly lower in groups E and EA than in groups C and A (p < 0.05). Urinary protein excretion level and renal plasma flow rate at week 8 were significantly less in groups E and EA than in group C (p < 0.05, p < 0.01). The glomerular filtration rate at week 8 was significantly higher in group EA than in group C (p < 0.05). The glomerular sclerosis index and interstitial fibrosis area at week 8 were significantly less in group EA than in group C (p < 0.01). Conclusion: ACEI and AST-120 in combination can delay progression of established CRF in rats by inhibiting the appearance of glomerular sclerosis and interstitial fibrosis.