Objective To explore possible the mental health difference between freshmen upgrading from junior college and ordinary freshmen, to provide valuable reference for the targeted mental health educaiton and service.
Methods A comparative analysis of the results of University Personality Inventory (UPI) 2016-2019 among freshmen upgrading from junior college and ordinary freshmen in one university in Nanjing was carried out .
Results Among 11 955 freshmen, the detection rate of severe mental health problems (class I ) was 22.58%, scores of four indicators (physical symptoms, neurosis, depression, schizophrenia) and prevalence of class I problems among freshmen upgrading from junior college were significantly lower than those of ordinary freshmen ( P <0.05). Longitudinal comparison showed that there were significant differences in the proportion of class I and the scores of the four indicators in each freshmen group in four years ( P<0.05) . After group interview with class I, the proportion of type A and type B among freshmen upgrading from junior college were significantly higher than that of ordinary freshmen(χ 2 =4.12, 9.23, P<0.05).
Conclusion Mental health level of freshmen upgrading from junior college is higher than that of ordinary freshmen. Mental health of ordinary freshmen shows improving trend, while freshmen upgrading from junior college shows a non-linear decreasing trend, with high proportion of mental problems, which worth further attention.
【摘要】 目的 探讨专转本新生和普通本科新生心理健康的差异，为有针对性地开展心理健康教育与服务工作提供参 考。 方法 对南京某独立学院2016—2019年专转本新生和普本新生共11 955名大学生进行大学生人格问卷（UPI)测量， 并对结果进行对比分析。 结果 可能存在严重心理问题者（I类人群）检出率为22.58%，专转本新生I类人群的检出率、4 个指标（躯体症状、神经症、抑郁、精神分裂)得分均低于普本新生( P值均<0.05);纵向比较两类新生4年I类人群比例及 4个指标得分差异均有统计学意义（ P值均<0.05) ; I类人群面谈后，专转本新生A和B类人群的构成比髙于普本新生(妒 值分别为4.12, 9.23，P值均<0.05)。 结论 专转本新生心理健康水平髙于独立学院普本新生;但普本新生心理健康有向 好趋势，而专转本新生心理健康状态呈现波浪式下降，有心理问题学生比例也相对较髙，需引起关注。