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      Prevalence of Cryptosporidium Infection in Hemodialysis Patients

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          Abstract

          The prevalence of Cryptosporidium infection in patients who are on chronic hemodialysis due to end-stage renal failure is investigated and compared with the incidence in the healthy population. Stool specimens of 74 adult hemodialysis patients treated on an outpatient basis and 50 healthy individuals are examined for Cryptosporidium oocysts by using the modified acid-fast method. While 20.27% (15/74) of patients in the dialysis group had Cryptosporidium oocysts in their stools, none (0/50) of the controls had such an infection (p < 0.001). Ten of 15 patients who had Cryptosporidium oocysts in their stool specimens were asymptomatic and the remaining 5 had diarrhea. Four of these 5 diarrheic patients had Cryptosporidium oocysts in their stools and 1 had both Cryptosporidium oocysts and Giardia trophozoites. Since hemodialysis patients with chronic renal failure are candidates for renal transplantation, general preventive measures against infection must be taken and these patients must be screened for their carrier state before transplantation.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          2002
          March 2002
          25 February 2002
          : 90
          : 3
          : 344-346
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Clinical Bacteriology and Infectious Diseases, bDepartment of Nephrology and cDepartment of Geriatric Medicine, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
          Article
          49072 Nephron 2002;90:344–346
          10.1159/000049072
          11867957
          © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 1, Tables: 2, References: 9, Pages: 3
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/49072
          Categories
          Short Communication

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Hemodialysis, Cryptosporidium, Diarrhea

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