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      Basal Parathyroid Activity and Renal Calcium Handling during an Intravenous Calcium Load

      , , , ,

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      Ionized serum calcium, Parathyroid hormone, Urinary calcium

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          Abstract

          Urinary excretion of calcium and urinary cyclic AMP (cAMP), plasma parathyroid hormone (PTH) and ionized serum calcium concentration, and creatinine clearance were measured in 15 healthy humans. In the same subjects, renal tubular reabsorption of calcium was evaluated by analyzing the regression line of urinary calcium excretion rate on rising the level of serum calcium during an intravenous calcium infusion. The regression line intercept on the y-axis, which has been proposed to depend on the calcium reabsorption in the renal distal tubule, was found to be significantly related to both urinary cAMP and PTH levels. The theoretical renal threshold for calcium excretion was directly related to the y-axis intercept and thus also to the index of parathyroid activity. No relationship was found between urinary cAMP or plasma PTH levels and the regression line slope of urinary calcium to serum calcium. In healthy subjects, parathyroid activity significantly affects the extrapolated regression line of urinary calcium to serum calcium by changing the intercept, but not the slope.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1984
          1984
          04 December 2008
          : 38
          : 3
          : 167-169
          Affiliations
          Institute of Internal Medicine and Metabolic Disease, 2nd Medical School, University of Naples, Naples, Italy
          Article
          183301 Nephron 1984;38:167–169
          10.1159/000183301
          6092981
          © 1984 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 3
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Ionized serum calcium, Parathyroid hormone, Urinary calcium

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