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      Multiple Episodes of a Transient Global Left Ventricular Dysfunction Reminiscent to Apical Ballooning

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          Abstract

          A new cardiac syndrome with transient left ventricular dysfunction has been recently reported and is referred to as Tako-Tsubo cardiomyopathy, which is characterized by a transient akinesia of the apex and compensatory basal hyperkinesis. Today, the etiology remains unknown. We report for the first time of a patient with multiple episodes of a transient global left ventricular dysfunction which is reminiscent to apical ballooning.These episodes were always preceded by severe emotional stress proposing a potential common pathomechanism.

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          Most cited references 3

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          Tako-tsubo-like left ventricular dysfunction with ST-segment elevation: a novel cardiac syndrome mimicking acute myocardial infarction.

          Peculiar asynergy, which consists of hypokinesis or akinesis from the mid portion to the apical area and hyperkinesis of the basal area on contrast left ventriculogram, is rare. Because the end-systolic left ventriculogram looks like a "tako-tsubo," which was used for trapping octopuses in Japan, we proposed the term "tako-tsubo-like left ventricular dysfunction." Our aim was to evaluate its clinical features and causes. We studied 30 patients with tako-tsubo-like left ventricular dysfunction without significant coronary artery disease. We assessed its pathophysiologic mechanisms by coronary spasm provocation test, endomyocardial biopsy, measurement of virus titer, and measurement of circulating catecholamine levels. Patient age ranged from 55 to 83 years. Twenty-eight were women and 2 were men. Tako-tsubo-like left ventricular dysfunction was dramatically resolved on predischarge left ventriculogram at 11.3 +/- 4.3 days. Acute coronary angiography revealed spontaneous multivessel coronary spasm in 3 patients. Among 14 patients, ergonovine or acetylcholine induced epicardial single coronary spasm in 4 patients and multivessel coronary spasm in 6 patients. Spontaneous microvascular spasm occurred at predischarge in 1 patient. An endomyocardial biopsy specimen in 3 patients and measurement of virus titer in 7 patients did not show evidence of acute myocarditis. Circulating norepinephrine was normal or slightly elevated in 6 patients. We showed clinical features of a novel cardiac syndrome with tako-tsubo-like left ventricular dysfunction. Although the precise cause remains unclear, simultaneous multivessel coronary spasm at the epicardial artery or microvascular levels may contribute to the onset of tako-tsubo-like left ventricular dysfunction.
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            Recurrent tako-tsubo-like left ventricular dysfunction (apical ballooning) in a patient with pheochromocytoma - a case report.

            Primarily described in Japan, tako-tsubo-like left ventricular dysfunction is a phenomenon characterized by transient apical ballooning in the absence of significant coronary artery disease. The clinical presentation includes symptoms like chest pain, dyspnea, syncope, electrocardiographic changes and elevated myocardial markers, all compatible with the diagnosis of an acute coronary syndrome. The underlying mechanism is supposed to be a catecholamine excess caused by various triggers. We describe a patient with a recurrent tako-tsubo phenomenon, who at work-up proved to have a pheochromocytoma as the most likely underlying disease.
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              Left ventricular apical ballooning: Not an uncommon variant of acute myocardial infarction in women

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                CRD
                Cardiology
                10.1159/issn.0008-6312
                Cardiology
                S. Karger AG
                0008-6312
                1421-9751
                2007
                June 2007
                05 September 2006
                : 108
                : 1
                : 1-3
                Affiliations
                aKerckhoff Heart Center, Department of Cardiology, BadNauheim, bPraxis für Kardiologie und Pneumologie, Cologne, Germany
                Article
                95577 Cardiology 2007;108:1–3
                10.1159/000095577
                16954685
                © 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 2, References: 6, Pages: 3
                Categories
                Case Report

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