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      Effect of Sotalol on Arrhythmias and Exercise Tolerance in Patients with Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

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          Abstract

          The effect of sotalol on exercise tolerance and incidence of arrhythmias was studied in 30 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). In this short-term, double-blind, crossover study, exercise time on sotalol (320 mg/day) was significantly longer than on placebo (10.6 ± 4.0 vs. 9.4 ± 3.6 min; p < 0.01). Sotalol eliminated supraventricular arrhythmias in 6 of 7 patients (p < 0.03) and suppressed ventricular arrhythmias in 7 of 13 patients in whom they were present on placebo (p < 0.05). Ventricular tachycardia was abolished in 4 of 8 patients, but appeared during sotalol treatment in 1 patient who was free of repetitive arrhythmias on placebo. Twenty-five patients who had better exercise tolerance on sotalol than on placebo and did not experience aggravation of arrhythmia entered a 6-month prospective, open-label treatment with sotalol (160-480 mg/day, mean ± SD377 ± 94). One patient was withdrawn after 1 month because of bronchospasm. Mean exercise time improved from 9.8 ± 3.6 min on placebo to 12.7 ± 3.2 min (p < 0.01) after 6 months of treatment with sotalol. During the prospective follow-up, sotalol abolished ventricular tachycardia in all 6 patients after 1 month (p = 0.022), and in 4 of 6 patients (p > 0.2) after 6 months of treatment. It is concluded that sotalol significantly improves exercise tolerance and is effective in suppressing both supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias in patients with HCM.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1993
          1993
          14 November 2008
          : 82
          : 5
          : 335-342
          Affiliations
          a2nd Department of Cardiology, Silesian Medical Academy, Zabrze, Poland; bCardiovascular Research Foundation, Bad Schwalbach, FRG
          Article
          175883 Cardiology 1993;82:335–342
          10.1159/000175883
          8374931
          © 1993 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Clinical Pharmacology

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