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      Validating a distinction between primary and secondary psychopathy with measures of Gray's BIS and BAS constructs.

      Journal of Abnormal Psychology

      Antisocial Personality Disorder, classification, diagnosis, Arousal, Continental Population Groups, Diagnosis, Differential, Humans, Inhibition (Psychology), Male, Middle Aged, Models, Psychological, Reward, Personality Inventory, statistics & numerical data, Prisoners, psychology, Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, Psychometrics, Punishment, Questionnaires, Reproducibility of Results, Adult

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          Abstract

          Investigators commonly distinguish between primary and secondary psychopathy (H. Cleckley, 1976; D.T. Lykken, 1995), though there is a lack of consensus regarding the best means to achieve this distinction. To address the validity of using R. D. Hare's (2003) Psychopathy Checklist and the G. Welsh (1956) Anxiety Scale for this purpose, the authors used 2 measures of J. A. Gray's (1987) behavioral inhibition system/behavioral activation system (BIS/BAS). Following D. T. Lykken (1995) and D. C. Fowles (1980), the authors hypothesized that primary psychopathy would be associated with a weak BIS and a normal BAS, whereas secondary psychopathy would be associated with a strong BAS and a normal BIS. Results for primary psychopathy were as predicted. Results for secondary psychopathy clearly supported the strong BAS prediction but provided mixed support for the normal BIS prediction. Copyright 2005 APA, all rights reserved.

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          15869363
          10.1037/0021-843X.114.2.319

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