Caio Vinícius de Mira-Mendes 1 , 2 , Danilo Silva Ruas 3 , Renan Manoel de Oliveira 4 , Indira Maria Castro 5 , Iuri Ribeiro Dias 1 , 5 , Julio Ernesto Baumgarten 1 , Flora Acuña Juncá 6 , Mirco Solé 1 , 7
26 April 2018
An inventory of the amphibians of the Reserva Ecológica Michelin – REM in southern Bahia, Brazil is presented. Sixty-nine species were recorded during a ten-year sampling period. Amphibians were distributed in two orders ( Gymnophiona and Anura ), belonging to twelve families [ Aromobatidae (1), Bufonidae (3), Centrolenidae (1), Craugastoridae (5), Eleutherodactylidae (3), Hemiphractidae (2), Hylidae (34), Phyllomedusidae (5) Leptodactylidae (7), Microhylidae (4), Odontophrynidae (3) and Caeciliidae (1)]. Fifty per cent of the reproductive modes known for Atlantic forest anurans were recorded. While no threatened species were found at REM, six species are classified as data deficient (DD) by the Brazilian Red List of threatened species and deserve additional attention. Phasmahyla timbo and Vitreorana eurygnatha are listed as endangered in Bahia according to the list of threatened species of the state. Despite a higher diversity of amphibians in the Atlantic forest having been reported for mountainous regions, our results revealed that amphibian richness for lowland forests is also high.