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      Promoting effect of father presence on the mental health diathesis of junior middle school students

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          Abstract

          Objective To study the relationship between the father presence and the mental health diathesis of the middle school students, and to provide a reference for targetedly instructing fathers, participation into family education.

          Methods The participants were selected by using random whole class sampling method and Father Presence Questionnaires (FPQ-R-B), and then 577 junior middle school students were recruited, including high and low level of father presence (HF & LF). Chinese Adolescent Mental Health Diathesis was used to investigate the effect of father presence on eight subscales of mental health diathesis.

          Results Single factor ANOVA showed that in the subscales of coping style (2.84±0.52, 2.80±0.60), self (2.87±0.56, 2.79±0.59), attribution style (2.85±0.56, 2.78±0.55) and adaptation (2.92±0.56, 2.85±0.59), HF group scored significantly higher than LF group ( F = 4.32,5.27,7.13,8.62, P<0.05). Simple effect analysis reveals that for girls there was no significant difference between the HF and LF groups (2.87±0.45, 2.86±0.48, P>0.05) , but for boys the score of the HF group was significantly higher than that of the LF group (2.93±0.34, 2.85±0.40) ( F = 5.93, P<0.05).

          Conclusion High level of father presence is related to better performance in coping style, self, attribution style, adaptation, and personality quality, and its impact on personality qualitty shows gender differences.

          Abstract

          【摘要】目的 考察父亲在位与初中生心理健康素质的关系,为有针对性地指导父亲参与家庭教育提供参考依据。 方法 采取随机整班抽样的方法,用父亲在位问卷(FPQ-R-B)抽取乌鲁木齐市髙、低父亲在位组共577名初中生,采用青 少年心理健康素质调査表(CAMHQI)进行调査。 结果 单因素方差分析显示,髙父亲在位组初中生应对风格(2.84± 0. 52)、自我(2. 87±0. 56 )、归因风格(2. 85±0. 56)、适应(2. 92±0. 56)得分均髙于低父亲在位组(2. 80±0. 60,2. 79±0. 59, 2. 78±0. 55,2. 85±0. 59) ( F 值分别为 4. 32,5. 27,7. 13,8. 62, P 值均<0. 05)。简单效应分析显示,髙(2. 87±0. 45)/低(2. 86 ±0. 48)父亲在位组女生个性素质得分差异无统计学意义(P>0. 05),髙父亲在位组男生个性素质得分(2. 93±0. 34)髙于低 父亲在位组(2.85±0.40)( F = 5.93,P<0.05)。 结论 髙质量的父亲在位与初中生更健康的应对风格、自我、归因风格、适 应和个性素质相关,且对个性素质的影响表现出性别差异。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 June 2020
          01 June 2020
          : 41
          : 6
          : 911-914
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Scientific Lab of Psychology and Intelligence Development and Study/School of Education Science, Xinjiang Normal University, Urumqi (830054), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: WEN Suxia, E-mail: 272826880@ 123456qq.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2020.06.030
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2020.06.030
          9ccb97a6-a3df-4114-b9f7-b6a0e6c77d58
          © 2020 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Product
          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Health promotion,Fathers,Students,Analysis of variance,Mental health

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