In 404 consecutively admitted patients with their first myocardial infarction (MI), intraventricular block (IV) was a complication in 124 (31%). The following types of block were encountered: 21 (5%) had left bundle-branch block (LBBB); 73 (18%) left anterior hemiblock (LAH); 13 (3%) left posterior hemiblock (LPH); 7 (2%) right bundle-branch block (RBBB); 9 (2%) RBBB + LAH, and 1 (0.3%) RBBB + LPH. Patients with IV block at the time of admission did not develop total atrioventricular block more frequently in the acute phase of MI (0-30 days) or in the follow-up period (3-5 years) than patients without IV block. During the acute phase, only patients with RBBB with or without hemiblock showed significantly higher mortality than patients without IV block. The other types of IV block did not influence the short-term prognosis. Among patients who survived the acute phase, significantly lower long-term survival rates were found in patients with LBBB compared to patients without IV block, whereas the presence of LAH did not affect the long-term prognosis.