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      Experimental IgA Nephropathy Induced by a Low-Dose Environmental Mycotoxin, Nivalenol

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          Abstract

          Based on the hypothesis that IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is triggered by some exogenous antigen(s) which induces dysregulation of the mucosal immune system, we developed an experimental model of orally induced IgAN by an environmental mycotoxin, nivalenol (NIV), which often contaminates agricultural products in Southeast Asia and Japan. In the present study, low doses of oral NIV reproducibly induced significant IgA deposits in the glomerular mesangium and elevated serum IgA levels in mice irrespective of the strain; the degree of immunopathological changes analogous to human IgAN was associated with the dose and duration of NIV treatment. Furthermore, a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with an NIV analogue-protein conjugate disclosed that the IgA antibody in the sera from the NIV model mice had a higher affinity to the mycotoxin. Conclusively, these findings suggest that NIV induces some pathological changes in mice which resemble those in human IgAN, and that this mycotoxin is associated with pathogenesis in some types of glomerulonephritis.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1997
          1997
          19 December 2008
          : 75
          : 4
          : 469-478
          Affiliations
          aKidney Center, Toranomon Hospital, bOkinaka Memorial Institute for Medical Research, cDepartment of Dietetics, Otsuma Women’s College, dDepartment of Anatomy, Jikei University School of Medicine, eInstitute of Community Medicine, University of Tsukuba, fDepartment of Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, and gDepartment of Toxicology and Microbial Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Science University of Tokyo, Japan
          Article
          189643 Nephron 1997;75:469–478
          10.1159/000189643
          9127336
          © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 10
          Categories
          Original Paper

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