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      Ameliorative Effect of Hepatocyte Growth Factor on Glycerol-Induced Acute Renal Failure with Acute Tubular Necrosis

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          Abstract

          Background/Aims: Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), a multi-potent growth factor, is known to promote regeneration of damaged renal epithelial cells. Glycerol injection into rats induces severe acute renal failure (ARF) with ischemia and tubular necrosis, a model which shares many features with human ARF or rhabdomyolysis. We investigated the efficacy of HGF in this glycerol-induced ARF rat model. Methods: ARF was induced by intramuscular injection of glycerol into the hind limbs of male Wistar rats. HGF (0.25 mg/kg/shot) or vehicle was administered intravenously 1 h before and 1, 3, 5, 8, 24 and 36 h after glycerol injection. Biochemical parameters for serum and urine were measured and histological analyses of the kidneys were performed. We also analyzed endogenous HGF expression and phosphorylation of c-Met/HGF receptor in the kidneys of glycerol-induced ARF rats. Results: Glycerol treatment caused severe ARF which invariably led to death of the rats. Repeated administration of HGF protected rats from death caused by severe ARF. Histological analyses revealed that HGF treatment reduced necrosis of tubular cells in the renal cortex. Serum/urine biochemical parameters also showed that renal dysfunction was improved by HGF administration. Intravenous administration of HGF enhanced phosphorylation of the c-Met/HGF receptor and mitogen-activated protein kinase in the kidney. In the vehicle-treated group the renal endogenous HGF concentration decreased and there was no change in c-Met/HGF receptor phosphorylation. Conclusion: These results indicate that HGF effectively accelerated the recovery of renal function and improved survival in glycerol-induced ARF rats.

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          Hepatocyte Growth Factor Protects Functional and Histological Disorders of HgCl 2 -Induced Acute Renal Failure Mice

          Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) enhances proliferation of renal epithelial cells as well as hepatocytes. HGF accelerates recovery from acute renal failure (ARF) in animal models. However, pharmacological profiles of HGF including its action mechanism has not been studied in detail. An HgCl 2 -induced ARF mouse was used in this study to evaluate the efficacy of HGF. Single administrations of recombinant human HGF or vehicle were given to ARF mice 30 min after HgCl 2 injection. Renal function was monitored by measuring serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen and creatinine clearance. In the ARF mice, there was a deterioration of renal function biochemical parameters and histological evidence of renal damage including acute tubular necrosis of proximal tubules. These were both significantly ameliorated by a single HGF administration. The effect of HGF was noticeable in the early phase of ARF (1 day after onset) when there was no histological evidence of increased labeling indexes in renal tubular epithelial cells. Western blot analysis of the c-Met/HGF receptor showed that tyrosine phosphorylation was enhanced immediately after HGF administration indicating direct activation of renal epithelial cells. HGF prevented increase of apoptotic nuclei with DNA fragmentation in renal epithelial cells which suggests cytoprotective activity of HGF on renal epithelial cells in the ARF mice.
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            NEF
            Nephron
            10.1159/issn.1660-8151
            Nephron
            S. Karger AG
            1660-8151
            2235-3186
            2002
            August 2002
            15 July 2002
            : 91
            : 4
            : 730-738
            Affiliations
            Discovery Research Laboratories II, Sumitomo Pharmaceuticals Research Center, Osaka, Japan
            Article
            65037 Nephron 2002;91:730–738
            10.1159/000065037
            12138279
            © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 6, Tables: 2, References: 29, Pages: 9
            Product
            Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/65037
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