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      DISTRIBUIÇÃO ESPACIAL DE VIOLÊNCIA COM IDOSOS ANTES E DURANTE A PANDEMIA DE COVID-19 Translated title: DISTRIBUCIÓN ESPACIAL DE LA VIOLENCIA HACIA LAS PERSONAS MAYORES ANTES Y DURANTE LA PANDEMIA COVID-19 Translated title: SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF VIOLENCE AGAINST OLDER ADULTS BEFORE AND DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC

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          Abstract

          RESUMO: Objetivo: analisar a distribuição espacial da violência contra a pessoa idosa na região Sul do Brasil antes e no primeiro ano de vigência da pandemia de COVID-19. Método: estudo ecológico que analisou as notificações de violência contra o idoso, entre 2019 e 2020, no Sul do Brasil. Foram calculadas as taxas bayesianas empíricas locais, o Índice de Autocorrelação Local de Moran e a análise de Getis Ord Gi. Resultados: houve redução da taxa suavizada de violência contra o idoso. As cidades alto-alto e hot-spot em 2019, se tornaram mais violentas em 2020; e as cidades com baixa prevalência, se tornaram menos violentas em 2020. As maiores taxas de letalidade por COVID-19 também foram naquelas cidades com maiores taxas de violência. Conclusão: os dados reforçam a complexidade da violência e seu agravamento pela pandemia. E contribuem com as tomadas de decisões na enfermagem, desatacando-se a necessidade de suscitar novas pesquisas sobre esta temática.

          Translated abstract

          RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar la distribución espacial de la violencia contra las personas mayores en la región sur de Brasil antes y durante el primer año de la pandemia de COVID-19. Método: estudio ecológico que analizó denuncias de violencia contra las personas mayores, entre 2019 y 2020, en la región sur de Brasil. Se calcularon las tasas bayesianas empíricas locales, el índice de autocorrelación local de Moran y el análisis Getis Ord Gi. Resultados: hubo reducción en la tasa suavizada de violencia contra las personas mayores. Las ciudades alto-alto y hotspot de 2019 se volvieron más violentas en 2020; y las ciudades con baja prevalencia se volvieron menos violentas en 2020. Las tasas de mortalidad por COVID-19 más altas también se registraron en las ciudades con mayores tasas de violencia. Conclusión: los datos confirman la complejidad de la violencia y el agravamiento debido a la pandemia; además contribuyen a la toma de decisiones en enfermería y destacan la necesidad de fomentar nuevas investigaciones sobre este tema.

          Translated abstract

          ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the spatial distribution of violence against older adults in the Brazilian South region before and in the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: an ecological study that analyzed reports of violence against older adults between 2019 and 2020, in Southern Brazil. Local empirical Bayesian rates, Moran’s Local Autocorrelation Index and Getis Ord Gi analysis were calculated. Results: there was a reduction in the smoothed rate of violence against older adults. The high-high and hot-spot cities in 2019 became more violent in 2020; and cities with low prevalence became less violent in 2020. The highest COVID-19 fatality rates were also in those cities with the highest violence rates. Conclusion: the data reinforces the complexity of violence and its worsening due to the pandemic. In addition, they contribute to decision-making in Nursing, highlighting the need to encourage new research studies on this theme.

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          The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) Statement: guidelines for reporting observational studies.

          Much biomedical research is observational. The reporting of such research is often inadequate, which hampers the assessment of its strengths and weaknesses and of a study's generalisability. The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) Initiative developed recommendations on what should be included in an accurate and complete report of an observational study. We defined the scope of the recommendations to cover three main study designs: cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional studies. We convened a 2-day workshop in September 2004, with methodologists, researchers, and journal editors to draft a checklist of items. This list was subsequently revised during several meetings of the coordinating group and in e-mail discussions with the larger group of STROBE contributors, taking into account empirical evidence and methodological considerations. The workshop and the subsequent iterative process of consultation and revision resulted in a checklist of 22 items (the STROBE Statement) that relate to the title, abstract, introduction, methods, results, and discussion sections of articles. 18 items are common to all three study designs and four are specific for cohort, case-control, or cross-sectional studies. A detailed Explanation and Elaboration document is published separately and is freely available on the Web sites of PLoS Medicine, Annals of Internal Medicine, and Epidemiology. We hope that the STROBE Statement will contribute to improving the quality of reporting of observational studies.
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            Elder abuse prevalence in community settings: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

            Elder abuse is recognised worldwide as a serious problem, yet quantitative syntheses of prevalence studies are rare. We aimed to quantify and understand prevalence variation at the global and regional levels.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                cenf
                Cogitare Enfermagem
                Cogitare Enferm.
                Universidade Federal do Paraná (Curitiba, PR, Brazil )
                1414-8536
                2176-9133
                2023
                : 28
                : e87008
                Affiliations
                [2] Maringá Paraná orgnameUniversidade Estadual de Maringá orgdiv1Departamento de Enfermagem Brazil
                [3] Pelotas Rio Grande do Sul orgnameUniversidade Federal de Pelotas orgdiv1Departamento de Medicina Social Brazil
                [1] Bandeirantes orgnameUniversidade Estadual do Norte do Paraná orgdiv1Departamento de Enfermagem Brazil
                Article
                S2176-91332023000100369 S2176-9133(23)02800000369
                10.1590/ce.v28i0.87008
                a782f834-95be-4e22-8239-0560605f0922

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                History
                : 17 August 2023
                : 31 July 2022
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 24, Pages: 0
                Product

                SciELO Brazil

                Categories
                Artigo Original

                COVID-19,Public Health Nursing.,Violencia,Maltrato a Personas Mayores,Análisis Espacial,Enfermería de Salud Pública.,Violência,Abuso de Idosos,Análise Espacial,Enfermagem em Saúde Pública.,Violence,Older Adult Abuse,Spatial Analysis

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