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      Measuring State Legislative Professionalism: The Squire Index Revisited

      State Politics & Policy Quarterly

      SAGE Publications

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          Legislative Professionalization and Membership Diversity in State Legislatures

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            Changes in Professionalism in U. S. State Legislatures

             James D. King (2000)
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              Legislative Professionalism and Incumbent Reelection: The Development of Institutional Boundaries

              It is well established that legislators from highly professionalized bodies are more likely to win reelection than members of less professionalized legislatures. We find that the effect of professionalization on incumbent electoral success is far more pervasive. As the level of professionalism of a legislature increases, the effects of external political and economic forces (such as coattails from higher level elections and national economic conditions) on a legislator's chances for reelection diminish in strength. This implies that legislative professionalization promotes institutionalization by establishing boundaries that insulate members from external shocks. We reach these conclusions by specifying and testing a district-level model of state legislative election outcomes, using as dependent variable the probability that an incumbent will win reelection. The model is estimated with probit using data for more than 42,000 state legislators from 1970 to 1989.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                State Politics & Policy Quarterly
                State Politics & Policy Quarterly
                SAGE Publications
                1532-4400
                1946-1607
                August 2016
                August 2016
                : 7
                : 2
                : 211-227
                Article
                10.1177/153244000700700208
                © 2016

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