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      Effect of Hemodialysis on the Dispersion of the QTc Interval

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          Abstract

          The QTc dispersion reflects the underlying regional heterogeneity of the recovery of the ventricular excitability, thereby it is considered as a novel marker of risk of ventricular arrhythmias. Because a higher incidence of ventricular arrhythmias is described during and after hemodialysis, the aim of this study has been to evaluate the QTc dispersion before and after uncomplicated hemodialysis session. Twenty chronic uremics without heart failure, ischemic heart disease or dialysis hypotension were selected. The QTc dispersion was determined as the difference between the longer and the shorter QTc interval measured on a 12-lead electrocardiogram. Following the hemodialysis session, the QTc dispersion increased from 30 ± 9 to 54 ± 17 ms (p < 0.001) associated with the expected reduction of potassium and magnesium and with the increase of extracellular calcium concentration. However, no correlation has been observed between the QTc dispersion increase and the degree of the intradialytic changes of plasma electrolytes, blood pressure or body weight. In summary, the hemodialysis treatment per se does induce an increase of the QTc dispersion, likely due to the rapid changes of electrolyte plasma concentrations. This can potentially contribute to the arrhythmogenic effect of the hemodialysis procedure, reflecting an enhanced regional heterogeneity of ventricular repolarization. The clinical importance of the increase of QTc dispersion as risk factor of ventricular arrhythmias, particularly in hemodialyzed patients suffering from ischemic or hypertrophic heart diseases, should be the matter of further investigations.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1998
          April 1998
          26 March 1998
          : 78
          : 4
          : 429-432
          Affiliations
          a Clinica Medica I e b Clinica Medica II, Università di Pisa, Italia
          Article
          44972 Nephron 1998;78:429–432
          10.1159/000044972
          9578069
          © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 1, Tables: 2, References: 19, Pages: 4
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/44972
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          QT dispersion, Hemodialysis

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