Blog
About

65
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Impact of field headlands on wheat and barley performance in a cool Atlantic climate as assessed in 40 Irish tillage fields

      Read this article at

      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          The reduction in cereal crop yields on field headlands has previously been examined in other geographical regions, with research focusing on the relationship between yield and the distance from the crop edge. Headlands are subject to greater machinery trafficking than the centre of the field and the level of traffic imposed depends on the machine size and adopted turning practice. The aim of this work was to examine the impact of turning headlands on crop performance in a survey of 40 field sites in Irish conditions. The headland was categorised into three distinct zones: the area next to the field edge subject to moderate traffic intensities (field edge); the main headland area of greatest turning traffic (turning) and a transition zone (transition). An in-field zone (in-field) in which no machinery turns occur was also included. The 2-year survey included sites from three regions, four soil texture classes and had crops established with plough-based systems. Crop measurements, including plant densities, shoot counts and light interception, and yields were recorded at each site and included winter barley (WB), spring barley (SB) and winter wheat (WW) crops. The yield response of each crop type varied with sample zone, region and soil texture. There were significant (P < 0.001) yield differences recorded between the turning area and in-field zone for all three crops. Winter barley yields were reduced by 1.3 t/ha in the turning zone compared with the in-field section, while SB and WW had yield reductions of 2.08 and 4.04 t/ha, respectively, between these two field zones.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 25

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          A decimal code for the growth stages of cereals

            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            Factors affecting field weed and field margin flora on a farm in Essex, UK

              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Article: not found

              Agrochemicals in field margins – An experimental field study to assess the impacts of pesticides and fertilizers on a natural plant community

                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                ijafr
                ijafr
                Irish Journal of Agricultural and Food Research
                IJAFR
                Compuscript (Ireland )
                0791-6833
                30 November 2020
                Affiliations
                1School of Agriculture and Food Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
                2Teagasc, CELUP, Crops Research, Oak Park, Carlow, Ireland
                Author notes
                †Corresponding author: M. Ward, E-mail: mark.ward@ 123456ucdconnect.ie
                Article
                10.15212/ijafr-2020-0113
                Copyright © 2020 Ward, Forristal, and McDonnell

                This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs license CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 IE.

                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 9, References: 28, Pages: 13
                Product
                Categories
                Original Study

                Comments

                Comment on this article