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      Oxalate Kinetics and Reversal of the Complications after Orthotopic Liver Transplantation in a Patient with Primary Hyperoxalosis Type 1 Awaiting Renal Transplantation

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          Abstract

          We present the case of a young woman with end-stage renal disease secondary to primary hyperoxaluria type 1, who after 3 years and 6 months of maintenance hemodialysis, and despite intensification of the dialytic treatment, developed severe livedo reticularis in her extremities leading to ischemic cutaneous ulcerations, necessitating continuous intravenous infusion of narcotics for pain control. She received a liver transplant after native hepatectomy. However, due to positive crossmatch, she could not receive a kidney from that donor. After transplantation, following serial serum oxalate levels, the hemodialysis regimen was safely reduced from 4 h daily to 3 h three times weekly. Over the course of 6 weeks after liver transplantation, her livedo reticularis resolved, the ischemic ulcers markedly improved, she was weaned off all pain medications, and her erythropoietin-resistant anemia resolved. Our results suggest that in patients with primary hyperoxaluria type 1, who have received a liver transplant and are on maintenance hemodialysis, after serial serum oxalate determinations, some may safely be changed to a thrice-weekly maintenance hemodialysis regimen. Moreover, with this regimen the complications of systemic oxalosis can reverse.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          AJN
          Am J Nephrol
          10.1159/issn.0250-8095
          American Journal of Nephrology
          S. Karger AG
          0250-8095
          1421-9670
          1999
          February 1999
          22 March 1999
          : 19
          : 1
          : 64-69
          Affiliations
          Divisions of aNephrology, bAbdominal Organ Transplantation, and cDermatology, St. Louis University Health Sciences Center, St. Louis, Mo., USA
          Article
          13428 Am J Nephrol 1999;19:64–69
          10.1159/000013428
          10085453
          © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 3, References: 22, Pages: 6
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/13428
          Categories
          Case Report

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