Efficacy of norvancomycin (NVCM) through continuous topical ocular instillation drug delivery (CTOIDD) system for treating severe acute bacterial keratitis infection with Staphylococcus aureus was investigated.
Rabbits with bacterial keratitis were treated using CTOIDD with NVCM (n=13), topical NVCM eye drops (n=11), and CTOIDD with saline (n=8). Clinical signs of keratitis in all groups were assessed consecutively for a week. Bacterial quantification of excised corneas was counted on the fourth and eighth days. Histopathologic examinations were performed to assess inflammatory cell infiltration on the eighth day.
All signs of bacterial keratitis were alleviated in CTOIDD with NVCM according to criteria, and the CTOIDD-NVCM group had significantly less inflammation than CTOIDD-saline ( p<0.05), and eye drop-NVCM ( p<0.05). Two eyes in the eye drop-NVCM group, four eyes in the CTOIDD-saline group had corneal perforation (CP), while none of the rabbits showed CP in the CTOIDD-NVCM group. Bacterial counts were significantly less in the CTOIDD with NVCM group in comparison to the eye drop-NVCM ( p<0.05), and CTOIDD-saline ( p<0.05) groups. Severe inflammation and marked inflammatory cell infiltration were found in histopathologic examinations in the CTOIDD-saline and eye drop-NVCM groups, while significantly less inflammation was documented in the CTOIDD-NVCM ( p<0.05) group.