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      "Brain drain" en México: Estudio de caso sobre expectativas de trabajo y disposición hacia la migración laboral en estudiantes de Ingeniería y Ciencias Naturales Translated title: "Brain drain" in Mexico: A case study about the job prospects and disposition to migration for Engineering and Natural Sciences students

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          Abstract

          Debido a la internacionalización de la educación superior, el número de estudiantes mexicanos que estudian uno o dos semestres en universidades extranjeras ha aumentado en los últimos años. Durante esas estancias tienen acceso a tecnología de punta y se familiarizan con la investigación y con las posibilidades de trabajo ofrecidas por dicha tecnología. Esta experiencia profundiza el examen crítico que estos estudiantes hacen de su desarrollo profesional futuro en México y genera en ellos el deseo de mudarse al extranjero después de haber terminado la educación superior. Este estudio encontró que el deseo de migrar está estrechamente relacionado con las características objetivas de la calidad de la educación de la universidad de origen: las características del personal académico; la infraestructura de investigación disponible para investigadores y estudiantes; y las condiciones generales de trabajo y las expectativas de ingresos como futuros profesionales en México. Los datos fueron recogidos a través de una encuesta entre 78 estudiantes de pregrado de Ciencias Naturales y de Ingeniería de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León.

          Translated abstract

          Because of the internationalization of higher education the number of Mexican students who study one or two terms in foreign universities has increased in the last years. During those stays they receive access to high technology and get familiarized with advanced research and with the job opportunities offered by this technology. This experience achieves for those students an in-depth critical analysis of their future professional development in Mexico and generates in them the wish to move abroad after finishing higher education. This study shows that the wish to move is tightly connected to the objective features shown by the quality of education in their higher education institution of origin: the characteristics of the academic staff, the research infrastructure available for researchers and students; and the general working conditions and the expectations of incomes as future professionals in Mexico. The data were gathered by means of a survey amongst 78 undergraduate students in natural sciences and engineering at the Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (Autonomous University of Nuevo León).

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          Most cited references 40

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          The Economic Geography of Talent

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            From Brain Drain to Brain Circulation: Transnational Communities and Regional Upgrading in India and China

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              Data on the migration of health-care workers: sources, uses, and challenges

              The migration of health workers within and between countries is a growing concern worldwide because of its impact on health systems in developing and developed countries alike. Policy decisions need to be made at the national, regional and international levels to manage more effectively this phenomenon, but those decisions will be effective and correctly implemented and evaluated only if they are based on adequate statistical data. Most statistics on the migration of health-care workers are neither complete nor fully comparable, and they are often underused, limited (because they often give only a broad description of the phenomena) and not as timely as required. There is also a conflict between the wide range of potential sources of data and the poor statistical evidence on the migration of health personnel. There are two major problems facing researchers who wish to provide evidence on this migration: the problems commonly faced when studying migration in general, such as definitional and comparability problems of "worker migrations" and those related to the specific movements of the health workforce. This paper presents information on the uses of statistics and those who use them, the strengths and limitations of the main data sources, and other challenges that need to be met to obtain good evidence on the migration of health workers. This paper also proposes methods to improve the collection, analysis, sharing, and use of statistics on the migration of health workers.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                peredu
                Perfiles educativos
                Perfiles educativos
                Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Investigaciones sobre la Universidad y la Educación (México )
                0185-2698
                2010
                : 32
                : 128
                : 55-79
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León Mexico
                [2 ] Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León Mexico
                Article
                S0185-26982010000200004
                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                Education & Educational Research

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