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      The Institution of Free School Meals in Times of Crisis in Greece (1924-1964): A Historical and Social Pedagogical Dimension

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          Abstract

          The outbreak of cases of famine among pupils at school during the previous two years, preoccupied seriously the members of the educational community as well as the appropriate state agencies, and raised the awareness of the Greek society to a large extent. Motivated by the recent actions of the Ministry of Education to face these problems, memories and discussions concerning various social pedagogical actions developed in Greece during periods of crisis have emerged. One of them was the free school meals which functioned for decades in Greece, aiming at the management of malnutrition among students.

          The aim of the present study is to highlight a) the paramount importance function of free school meals in times of crises, during which the population’s malnutrition and especially that of pupils was taking life-threatening dimensions b) the efforts made for free school meals to function on a social pedagogical basis both by the state which took the necessary measures (the adoption of the necessary institutional framework, providing the relevant economic recourses, etc.) by the Church, charitable, private and other entities c) the social pedagogical awareness of Greek society and of educators themselves, aiming at the support and the expansion of school free meals and d) the strong social pedagogical reflexes displayed by Greek society on this issue and including the initiatives of students in Teacher Training Schools, who would be later called upon to teach and educate the future citizens of the country.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          ijsp
          ijsp
          International Journal of Social Pedagogy
          IJSP
          UCL Press (UK )
          2051-5804
          1 January 2015
          : 4
          : 1
          : 150-164
          Affiliations
          National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece
          Author notes
          Correspondence to: Labrini Skoura, Department of Primary Education, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 13A Navarinou str., 106 80 Athens, Greece. E-mail: lskoura@ 123456primedu.uoa.gr

          *Labrini Skoura is Associate Professor at the Faculty of Primary Education of National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, a graduate of the Faculty of Law of the same University and a Doctor of History of neo- Hellenic Education at the Faculty of Primary Education of National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, where she has been teaching since 1997 (initially as specific scientific personnel P.D. 407/1980, then as a Lecturer and at the moment as an Assistant Professor). She has written the books: Educational Policy in Teachers’ Training during the 20th century (Philosophy - Institutions), Athens 2001, The Primary School at Pyles on Karpathos: a modern cell of education and culture, Athens 2004, General Education in Greece (1862-1910) Institutions, Perceptions, Inequalities: A historical-sociological approach (in press: Athens Gutenberg Editions). She has also written many articles and studies on the history of Educators’ Training and on the history of Women Education, which have been published in reliable scientific journals and collective volumes. She has taken part in scientific conventions and seminars with presentations. She is a founding member of the Hellenic Association of Historians of Education, a member of the Hellenic Pedagogic Association and of the Centre of Research, Science and Education as well.

          Article
          10.14324/111.444.ijsp.2015.v4.1.011
          Copyright © 2015 The Author(s). [Special issue title, Social Pedagogy in Times of Crisis in Greece]

          This work is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-NC-SA) 3.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/, which permits re-use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided any modifications of this material in anyway is distributed under this same license, is not used for commercial purposes, and the original author and source are credited

          Page count
          Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 52, Pages: 16

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          International Journal of Social Pedagogy
          Volume 4, Issue 1

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