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      Relationship between Autonomic Nervous System Test Results, Ejection Fraction and Inducibility of Sustained Ventricular Arrhythmias by Means of Electrophysiological Studies

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          Abstract

          Autonomic nervous system dysfunction and low left ventricular ejection fraction have been associated with an increased incidence of cardiac arrhythmias and sudden death. This research was conducted to determine whether Valsalva ratio (longest to shortest R-R interval during Valsalva manoeuvre), R-R variability (standard deviation of R-R intervals in a 60-second electrocardiographic recording strip), and corrected QT interval permit the identification of those patients with an inducible sustained ventricular arrhythmia when submitted to electrophysiological studies. We also evaluated the ejection fraction as a predictive index of inducibility. We studied 42 patients (21 males), 38 ± 19 years old, who were submitted to an electrophysiological study in order to evaluate supraventricular (control group: n = 16) or ventricular arrhythmias (n = 26). The patients studied for the evaluation of ventricular arthythmias presented structural and functional cardiac damage. Their ejection fraction (0.41 ± 0.17) was significantly reduced (p = 0.01) when compared to that of the control group (0.61 ± 0.08). The patients with cardiac damage had abnormal autonomic nervous system test results. None of the measurements was significantly related to the inducibility of sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias in the group of patients who had structural and functional involvement. The finding of abnormal cardiac autonomic nervous system indices and low ejection fraction can be related to structural heart disease, but neither the abnormal cardiac autonomic nervous system indices nor the low ejection fraction allows us to identify the patients who will develop inducible sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias when submitted to electrophysiological study.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1996
          1996
          19 November 2008
          : 87
          : 3
          : 200-204
          Affiliations
          Electrophysiology and Arrhythmia Section, Cardiovascular Research Centre and Department of Physiology, University of The Andes, Mérida, Venezuela
          Article
          177087 Cardiology 1996;87:200–204
          10.1159/000177087
          8725314
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Electrocardiography

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