Several methods have been described to both evaluate and document progression in keratoconus and to show efficacy of cross-linking, however, there are no consistent generally accepted parameters. Modern corneal tomography, including both anterior and posterior elevation and pachymetric data can be used to screen for ectatic progression, be employed to detect earlier change and additionally to show efficacy of new treatment modalities, such as crosslinking.
To describe specific quantitative values that can be used as progression and efficacy determinants, the normal noise measurements of the three parameters used in the ABCD keratoconus classification (corneal thickness at the thinnest point, anterior and posterior radius of curvature taken from the 3.0 mm optical zone centered on the thinnest point), were determined. Values were obtained from both a normal population and a known keratoconic population. The 80 and 95% one-sided confidence intervals for all three parameters were surprisingly small, suggesting that they may perform well as progression and efficacy determinants.