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Trauma-related and neutral false memories in war-induced Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Consciousness and Cognition

War, Verbal Learning, Suggestion, Semantics, Repression, Psychology, Personality Inventory, Middle Aged, Mental Recall, Male, Judgment, Humans, Female, psychology, diagnosis, Dissociative Disorders, Combat Disorders, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Attention, Adult

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      Recent models of cognition in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) predict that trauma-related, but not neutral, processing should be differentially affected in these patients, compared to trauma-exposed controls. This study compared a group of 50 patients with PTSD related to the war in Bosnia and a group of 50 controls without PTSD but exposed to trauma from the war, using the DRM method to induce false memories for war-related and neutral critical lures. While the groups were equally susceptible to neutral critical lures, the PTSD group mistakenly recalled more war-related lures. Both false and correct recall were related more to depression than to self-rated trauma. Implications for accounts of false memories in terms of source-monitoring are discussed.

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