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      Left Ventricular Dilatation following Myocardial Infarction: Clinical Course and Potential for Therapy

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          Abstract

          The enlarged heart has long been recognized as an important sign of systolic dysfunction of many different etiologies. Regardless of etiology, cardiac enlargement is associated with decreased survival. Cardiac enlargement after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) may be a progressive process. Early after AMI, the process of infarct expansion, or thinning and stretching of the infarct region leads to early volume enlargement detectable within 3 days of the infarct. During the next 2 weeks, volume enlargement takes place which includes lengthening of both the infarcted and the non-infarcted regions. Finally, additional left ventricular enlargement occurs during the next year after the infarction. Both experimental and clinical studies have demonstrated that such progressive LV enlargement may be halted by angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition with captopril. A large scale randomized trial is currently under way to determine whether captopril improves survival after infarction (Survival and Ventricular Enlargement, SAVE).

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-5038-3
          978-3-318-01533-1
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1989
          1989
          11 November 2008
          : 76
          : 2
          : 112-121
          Affiliations
          Harvard Medical School, and Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Mass., USA
          Article
          174482 Cardiology 1989;76:112–121
          10.1159/000174482
          2525955
          © 1989 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 10
          Categories
          Recent Advances in the Management of Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction

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