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      Epidemiology of sepsis in Germany: results from a national prospective multicenter study.

      Intensive Care Medicine

      Aged, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Germany, epidemiology, Hospital Mortality, Humans, Intensive Care Units, Male, Middle Aged, Prevalence, Sepsis, classification, therapy, Severity of Illness Index

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          To determine the prevalence and mortality of ICU patients with severe sepsis in Germany, with consideration of hospital size. Prospective, observational, cross-sectional 1-day point-prevalence study. 454 ICUs from a representative nationwide sample of 310 hospitals stratified by size. Data were collected via 1-day on-site audits by trained external study physicians. Visits were randomly distributed over 1 year (2003). Inflammatory response of all ICU patients was assessed using the ACCP/SCCM consensus conference criteria. Patients with severe sepsis were followed up after 3 months for hospital mortality and length of ICU stay. Main outcome measures were prevalence and mortality. A total of 3,877 patients were screened. Prevalence was 12.4% (95% CI, 10.9-13.8%) for sepsis and 11.0% (95% CI, 9.7-12.2%) for severe sepsis including septic shock. The ICU and hospital mortality of patients with severe sepsis was 48.4 and 55.2%, respectively, without significant differences between hospital size. Prevalence and mean length of ICU stay of patients with severe sepsis were significantly higher in larger hospitals and universities (

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