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      Cooperative Abnormality Detection via Diffusive Molecular Communications

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          Abstract

          In this paper, we consider abnormality detection via diffusive molecular communications (MCs) for a network consisting of several sensors and a fusion center (FC). If a sensor detects an abnormality, it injects into the medium a number of molecules which is proportional to the sensed value. Two transmission schemes for releasing molecules into the medium are considered. In the first scheme, referred to as DTM, each sensor releases a different type of molecule, whereas in the second scheme, referred to as STM, all sensors release the same type of molecule. The molecules released by the sensors propagate through the MC channel and some may reach the FC where the final decision regarding whether or not an abnormality has occurred is made. We derive the optimal decision rules for both DTM and STM. However, the optimal detectors entail high computational complexity as log-likelihood ratios (LLRs) have to be computed. To overcome this issue, we show that the optimal decision rule for STM can be transformed into an equivalent low-complexity decision rule. Since a similar transformation is not possible for DTM, we propose simple low-complexity sub-optimal detectors based on different approximations of the LLR. The proposed low-complexity detectors are more suitable for practical MC systems than the original complex optimal decision rule, particularly when the FC is a nano-machine with limited computational capabilities. Furthermore, we analyze the performance of the proposed detectors in terms of their false alarm and missed detection probabilities. Simulation results verify our analytical derivations and reveal interesting insights regarding the trade-off between complexity and performance of the proposed detectors and the considered DTM and STM schemes.

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          Most cited references 12

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          Improving Receiver Performance of Diffusive Molecular Communication with Enzymes

          This paper studies the mitigation of intersymbol interference in a diffusive molecular communication system using enzymes that freely diffuse in the propagation environment. The enzymes form reaction intermediates with information molecules and then degrade them so that they cannot interfere with future transmissions. A lower bound expression on the expected number of molecules measured at the receiver is derived. A simple binary receiver detection scheme is proposed where the number of observed molecules is sampled at the time when the maximum number of molecules is expected. Insight is also provided into the selection of an appropriate bit interval. The expected bit error probability is derived as a function of the current and all previously transmitted bits. Simulation results show the accuracy of the bit error probability expression and the improvement in communication performance by having active enzymes present.
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            Three-Dimensional Channel Characteristics for Molecular Communications With an Absorbing Receiver

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              Fusion of decisions transmitted over Rayleigh fading channels in wireless sensor networks

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                2017-03-29
                Article
                1703.10084

                http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

                Custom metadata
                30 pages, 9 figures
                cs.IT math.IT

                Numerical methods, Information systems & theory

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