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      Effects of Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone and Somatostatin on Sleep EEG and Nocturnal Hormone Secretion in Male Controls

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          Abstract

          When applied centrally to animals, growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) stimulates slow-wave sleep (SWS), whereas somatostatin (SRIF) increases REM sleep. We investigated whether these peptides also affect the sleep EEG in humans when given intravenously by comparing polysomnographically the effects of four boluses of (1) placebo, (2) 50 µg GHRH or (3) 50 µg SRIF administered at 22.00, 23.00, 24.00 and 1.00 h to 7 male controls. In addition, we collected blood samples through a long catheter every 20 min from 22.00 to 7.00 h and measured plasma cortisol and growth hormone (GH) levels. In comparison with SRIF and placebo, GHRH produced a significant increase in plasma GH concentration throughout the night (mean ± SD: 10.8 ± 2.0 ng/ml after GHRH; 3.0 ± 1.7 ng/ml after SRIF and 3.2 ± 2.0 ng/ml after placebo). SRIF failed to substantially attenuate the nocturnal GH release. Nocturnal cortisol secretion was blunted after GHRH but remained unaffected by SRIF (61.4 ± 12.9 ng/ml after placebo; 46.6 ± 19.7 ng/ml after GHRH and 70.8 ± 12.6 ng/ml after SRIF). Quantitative sleep EEG staging showed a significant increase in SWS after GHRH administration but no change after SRIF (percent spent in SWS per night: 14.0 ± 5.6 after placebo, 20.2 ± 6.6 after GHRH and 15.1 ± 8.2 after SRIF). Application of SRIF was accompanied by a trend toward increased REM density. The effects of episodic GHRH administration upon SWS, GH and cortisol secretion were opposite to those previously reported for corticotropin-releasing hormone, which supports the view that neuroregulation of human sleep involves an interaction of central GHRH and corticotropin-releasing hormone.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEN
          Neuroendocrinology
          10.1159/issn.0028-3835
          Neuroendocrinology
          S. Karger AG
          0028-3835
          1423-0194
          1992
          1992
          07 April 2008
          : 56
          : 4
          : 566-573
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Psychiatry, Clinical Institute, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Munich, FRG; bDepartment of Psychiatry, University of Basel, Switzerland
          Article
          126275 Neuroendocrinology 1992;56:566–573
          10.1159/000126275
          1361964
          © 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Original Paper

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