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      Aortic Calcifications and Their Relationship to Coronary Heart Disease and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes and in Nondiabetic Subjects

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          Abstract

          The prevalence of radiologically detectable aortic calcifications, the cross-sectional area of the aortic arch, pulse wave velocity and cardiovascular risk factors were examined in 133 newly diagnosed non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients aged 45-64 years and in 144 randomly selected control subjects of the same age. In addition, the relationship between aortic calcifications and coronary heart disease was examined. Diabetic men tended to have more frequently calcifications in the abdominal aorta than nondiabetic men, whereas such a difference was not found between diabetic and nondiabetic women. No difference was observed between diabetic and nondiabetic subjects in the prevalence of calcifications of the aortic arch. Among cardiovascular risk factors, smoking was associated with calcifications of the abdominal aorta in diabetic and nondiabetic men. Ischemic ECG abnormalities at rest showed a statistically significant association with the presence of abdominal aortic calcifications in diabetic men. The cross-sectional area of the aortic arch increased with age both in diabetic and in nondiabetic subjects and was larger in diabetic than in nondiabetic men. Diabetes did not show any significant effect on pulse wave velocity. An increased frequency of calcifications of the abdominal aorta and a dilatation of the aortic arch in newly diagnosed non-insulin-dependent men as compared with nondiabetic men is compatible with the view that an accelerated development of atherosclerotic lesions of large arteries starts already in an early, asymptomtic phase of this type of diabetes.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1987
          1987
          11 November 2008
          : 74
          : 5
          : 335-343
          Affiliations
          Department of Medicine and Department of Clinical Physiology, Kuopio University Central Hospital, Kuopio, Finland
          Article
          174220 Cardiology 1987;74:335–343
          10.1159/000174220
          3652078
          © 1987 S. Karger AG, Basel

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          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Original Paper

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