12 April 2021
We report a case of bilateral iridoschisis with corneal oedema and a quantitative evaluation of the changes in iridotrabecular and iridocorneal contact before and after cataract surgery and after Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK). A 76-year-old woman with iridoschisis and cataracts, previously managed with laser iridotomy, experienced progressive vision loss. The preoperative iridotrabecular contact (ITC) index measured by anterior segment optical coherence tomography was 23.6% in the right eye and 24.4% in the left eye. Preoperative corneal oedema in the right eye was more severe than that in the left eye. Cataract surgery, followed by DSAEK, was performed in the right eye and subsequently in the left eye. Her visual acuity improved postoperatively, and the corneal oedema of both eyes was treated successfully. Moreover, the ITC index improved in both eyes, to 4.7 and 6.9% after cataract surgery and to 0 and 0% after DSAEK in the right and left eyes, respectively. Staged cataract surgery and DSAEK were effective for endothelial decompensation caused by iridoschisis. Additionally, we confirm that iridotrabecular and iridocorneal contacts improved after both surgical procedures not only after cataract surgery but also after DSAEK. This case report showed the clinical usefulness of the ITC index in the detection of changes after different surgical procedures.