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      Chronic Use of Continuous Dosing of Long-Term Nitrates Does Not Prevent Cardiac Events in Patients with Severe Acute Myocardial Infarction

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          Abstract

          This study was performed to investigate the effects of the chronic use of continuous, not eccentric, dosing of nitrates on cardiac events in patients with severe acute myocardial infarction. A total of 1,303 patients with healed myocardial infarction were divided into two groups: treatment with nitrates or nontreatment. Primary end points were nonfatal and fatal recurrent myocardial infarction, death from congestive heart failure and sudden death. Among the 725 patients treated with nitrates, 45 patients (6.2%) experienced cardiac events during the observation period, whereas only 17 of the 578 patients treated without nitrates (2.9%) had cardiac events. This difference was statistically significant (p < 0.01; odds ratio 2.18, 95% confidence interval 1.24–3.86). In Killip class II–IV patients, the incidence of cardiac events in patients with nitrates was significantly greater than in patients without nitrates (18.8 vs. 3.5%, p < 0.05). The chronic use of continuous, not eccentric, dosing of nitrates did not prevent cardiac events in patients with severe acute myocardial infarction.

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          ISIS-4: A randomised factorial trial assessing early oral captopril, oral mononitrate, and intravenous magnesium sulphate in 58 050 patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction

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            GISSI-3: effects of lisiriopril and transdermal glyceryl trinitrate singly and together on 6-week mortality and ventricular function after acute myocardial infarction

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              Long-Term Nitrate Treatment Increases Cardiac Events in Patients With Healed Myocardial Infarction

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                CRD
                Cardiology
                10.1159/issn.0008-6312
                Cardiology
                S. Karger AG
                0008-6312
                1421-9751
                2000
                February 2001
                02 March 2001
                : 94
                : 3
                : 139-145
                Affiliations
                The First Department of Internal Medicine, Kinki University School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan
                Article
                47308 Cardiology 2000;94:139–145
                10.1159/000047308
                11279318
                © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 3, References: 30, Pages: 7
                Categories
                General Cardiology

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