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      A Cross-Lagged Panel Analysis of the Relationship Between Neighborhood Sense of Community and School Sense of Community

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          Abstract

          Neighborhood sense of community and school sense of community have been associated with important outcomes for adolescents. However, the complex interplay between neighborhood sense of community and school sense of community among adolescents is not clear. Moreover, the studies showing an association between neighborhood sense of community and school sense of community have been cross-sectional. The present study investigated the directionality of the relationship between neighborhood sense of community and school sense of community using a longitudinal cross-lagged design. Using structural equation modeling, a cross-lagged panel analysis revealed that school sense of community at Time 1 significantly predicts neighborhood sense of community at Time 2 even after controlling for neighborhood sense of community at Time 1. However, neighborhood sense of community at Time 1 did not predict school sense of community at Time 2. Results of this study support the theory that school sense of community can provide students with a bridge between school and community.

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          Most cited references38

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          This review presents a practical summary of the missing data literature, including a sketch of missing data theory and descriptions of normal-model multiple imputation (MI) and maximum likelihood methods. Practical missing data analysis issues are discussed, most notably the inclusion of auxiliary variables for improving power and reducing bias. Solutions are given for missing data challenges such as handling longitudinal, categorical, and clustered data with normal-model MI; including interactions in the missing data model; and handling large numbers of variables. The discussion of attrition and nonignorable missingness emphasizes the need for longitudinal diagnostics and for reducing the uncertainty about the missing data mechanism under attrition. Strategies suggested for reducing attrition bias include using auxiliary variables, collecting follow-up data on a sample of those initially missing, and collecting data on intent to drop out. Suggestions are given for moving forward with research on missing data and attrition.
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            Sense of community: A definition and theory

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              Adolescent development in interpersonal and societal contexts.

              In this chapter we review theoretical and empirical advances in research on adolescent development in interpersonal and societal contexts. First, we identify several trends in current research, including the current emphasis on ecological models and the focus on diversity in and relational models of adolescent development. Next, we discuss recent research on interpersonal relationships, with an eye toward identifying major research themes and findings. Research on adolescents' relationships with parents, siblings, other relatives, peers, and romantic partners, and adolescents' involvement in community and society is reviewed. Future directions in research on adolescent development are discussed.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Eur J Psychol
                Eur J Psychol
                EJOP
                Europe's Journal of Psychology
                PsychOpen
                1841-0413
                December 2019
                12 December 2019
                : 15
                : 4
                : 689-699
                Affiliations
                [a ]Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
                [2]London School of Economics, London United Kingdom
                Author notes
                [* ]Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università di Bologna, Piazza Aldo Moro 90, 47521 Cesena (FC), Italy. gabriele.prati@ 123456unibo.it
                Article
                ejop.v15i4.1682
                10.5964/ejop.v15i4.1682
                7909195
                e73bded1-35fc-4361-a3dd-340004b76df2
                Copyright @ 2019

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) 4.0 License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                History
                : 22 June 2018
                : 25 February 2019
                Categories
                Research Reports

                sense of community,school,students,cross-lagged panel study

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