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      Variable Presentation of Primary Hyperoxaluria Type 1 in 2 Patients Homozygous for a Novel Combined Deletion and Insertion Mutation inExon 8 of the AGXT Gene

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          Abstract

          Two unrelated patients of Pakistani origin presented with primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1) at 4 months and 3 years of age, respectively. While the younger patient failed to thrive and suffered from early renal failure, the older one showed a relatively benign history with urolithiasis as the main feature of the disease. In both patients the diagnosis was confirmed by assessment of alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase catalytic and immunoreactivity in liver biopsy specimens. The underlying genetic defect was found to be a combined deletion and insertion in exon 8 which alters the reading frame of the protein. The nucleotide change introduces a Stu1 restriction site which facilitated typing of additional family members. Both patients and a further affected brother were homozygous for this mutation, while their parents were heterozygous for it. This mutation is the first deletion/insertion identified in PH1. Although rare in our PH1 patient cohort (2.5% of alleles), the finding of 2 homozygous apparently unrelated individuals of the same ethnic origin suggests that it may prove worthwhile to screen other Asian patients for this mutation. These PH1 cases present further evidence that factors other than genotype contribute significantly to the clinical presentation and severity of PH1.

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          STRATEGIES FOR THE PRENATAL DIAGNOSIS OF PRIMARY HYPEROXALURIA TYPE 1

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            NEF
            Nephron
            10.1159/issn.1660-8151
            Nephron
            S. Karger AG
            1660-8151
            2235-3186
            1998
            April 1998
            26 March 1998
            : 78
            : 4
            : 485-488
            Affiliations
            a Department of Molecular Pathology, University College London, b Department of Nephrology, Birmingham Children’s Hospital NHS Trust, Birmingham, c Department of Child Health, Birmingham Heartlands Hospital NHS Trust, Birmingham, UK
            Article
            44979 Nephron 1998;78:485–488
            10.1159/000044979
            9578076
            © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 1, Tables: 1, References: 20, Pages: 4
            Product
            Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/44979
            Categories
            Case Report

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