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      Two rare case reports of confirmed Ceylon krait (Bungarus ceylonicus) envenoming in Sri Lanka.

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          Abstract

          The Ceylon krait (Bungarus ceylonicus) is a deadly venomous elapid snake endemic to Sri Lanka. Its habitat is mainly in the wet zone of the island. Despite its frequent encounters in and near human dwellings, reports of envenoming are rare and limited to four in the literature. The first and last fatal reports envenoming by B. ceylonicus was in 1993. After over two decades, we report two confirmed cases of B. ceylonicus bites-one a dry bite and the other with signs and symptoms of moderate envenoming. The envenoming occurred at night while the victim was asleep, causing tightness in the chest and dyspnoea on waking up, followed by neuromuscular paralysis that did not cause respiratory failure and complete recovery was observed three days following the bite.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Toxicon
          Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology
          Elsevier BV
          1879-3150
          0041-0101
          Mar 01 2017
          : 127
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Intensive Care Unit, Provincial General Hospital, Ratnapura, Sri Lanka; Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka. Electronic address: namalrath10@yahoo.com.
          [2 ] Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.
          [3 ] Medical Unit, Provincial General Hospital, Ratnapura, Sri Lanka.
          Article
          S0041-0101(17)30001-6
          10.1016/j.toxicon.2017.01.003
          28062164

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